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C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L4129 • Carl Linnaeus to Nicolaas Laurens Burman, 21 November 1768 n.s.
Dated 1768 d. 21 Novembr.. Sent from Uppsala (Sweden) to Amsterdam (Netherlands). Written in Latin.

upSUMMARY

Linnaeus has postponed his answer to Nicolaas Laurens BurmanísBurman, Nicolaas Laurens
(1734-1793). Dutch. Professor of
botany. Linnaeusís pupil in Uppsala in
1760. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
letter [Burman to Linnaeus, 22 September 1768Letter L4114] to be able to respond to what Burman had sent to him. Now, however, he is exhausted by this vain wait since the ship has not even reached the sound between Denmark and Sweden at Helsingör. Linnaeusís friend [Presumably Abraham BäckBäck, Abraham (1713-1795).
Swedish. Physician, president of the
Collegium Medicum, Stockholm. Close
friend of Linnaeus. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
] has visited the customs in Stockholm every day and asked for the ship, but without result.

Linnaeus asks Burman to write about his fatherís [Johannes BurmanBurman, Johannes (1707-1779).
Dutch. Botanist, professor of medicine
in Amsterdam. Close friend of Linnaeus.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
] health. Linnaeus appreciates him very much and will do so as long as he lives. How is he, not only physically but also mentally? Does his old age trouble him? Is he still able to visit his patients, and how often does he visit his very beautiful garden where he has so many Ixiae and flowers closely related to them? Linnaeus regrets that he never has seen a live Cyanella.

Linnaeus asks if Loosa is to be found in Dutch gardens. Two years ago is was possible to find it in European gardens. It is a perennial plant. Linnaeus would be most grateful if he could receive seeds or a dried or live specimen of this rare plant.

A month ago, Linnaeus received a dried specimen of Calceolaria and extracted some defective seeds from the fruit. Nevertheless one of them germinated in his window and he really hopes to be able to see its very special flowers this spring.

Linnaeus also received a dried Dionaea, a new American plant growing in the marshlands with the Drosera. The leaves are more sensitive than those of Mimosa, and if an insect or fly crawls or sits on the leaf, it closes [see figure] its eyes with hairy scales and spines so that the booty cannot slip out and when the prisoner is tired out, the leaf opens and lets it go.

Linnaeus has not informed Peter Jonas BergiusBergius, Petter Jonas
(1730-1790). Swedish. Physician and
botanist. Professor of natural history
and pharmacy at Collegium Medicum,
Stockholm. Linnaeusís student.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
of anything from Burmanís material, and he assures him that he has not shown him even a single Cape plant. Berg had seen Linnaeusís Mantissa plantarumLinnaeus, Carl Mantissa
plantarum generum editionis VI. (1764)
et specierum editionis II.[1762-63]

(Stockholm 1767). Soulsby no. 311.
at the printer but he published his book without changing the names. He described the Grubbia badly.

Linnaeus discusses some of Burmanís plants. Does his father have a dried specimen of Ilicium or Anisum stellatum? If he has, Linnaeus asks Burman to send one. Linnaeus also asks for flowers of Limeum aethiopicum and Monnieria trifoliata.

Linnaeus asks if the Burmans have seen the so-called Fucus Trompetgras. It floats in the sea near the Cape of Good Hope and shows itself for the seamen who then guess that they are near the place. Linnaeus has never seen it and he does not know anyone who has described or delineated it. Does it belong to species Fucus or Ulva? It resembles a megaphone and can utter terrible sounds.

Is Burmanís Beckia cordata not a Hebenstreitia? If Burman can provide him with just one flower, he could be certain about the genus.

Linnaeus sends from his simple store some seeds to Burmanís father. He probably has many of them but it would please Linnaeus if one could be useful.

If Burman writes back the address is the Royal Society of Sciences at Uppsala [Kungliga Vetenskaps-Societeten i UppsalaKungliga Vetenskaps-Societeten i
Uppsala,
Swedish. The Royal
Society of Sciences at Uppsala was
founded in 1728.
].

Linnaeus asks if Burman has married, and if he has been appointed a successor to his father.

Linnaeus and his wife [Sara Elisabet MoraeaMoraea, Sara Elisabet
(1716-1806). Swedish. Linnaeusís wife.
Daughter of Johan Moraeus and Elisabet
Hansdotter Moraea. Mother of Carl
Linnaeus the Younger and of Elisabeth
Christina, Louisa, Sara Christina and
Sophia Linnaea.
], son [Carl Linnaeus the YoungerLinnaeus the Younger, Carl
(1741-1783). Swedish. Botanist. Son of
Carl Linnaeus and Sara Elisabet Linnaea.
Brother of Elisabeth Christina, Louisa,
Sara Christina and Sophia Linnaea.
Attended his fatherís lectures, had
private tutors (Löfling, Rolander,
Solander and Falk, all Linnaeusís
students). Demonstrator of botany at
Uppsala. Succeeded his
father.
] and daughters [Elisabeth Christina LinnaeaBergencrantz, Elisabeth Christina
(1743-1782). Swedish. Daughter of
Carl Linnaeus and Sara Elisabet Linnaea.
Sister of Carl Linnaeus the Younger and
of Louisa, Sara Christina and Sophia
Linnaea. Married to Carl Fredrik
Bergencrantz.Mother of Sara Elisabeth
Martin.
, Louisa LinnaeaLinnaea, Louisa (1749-1839).
Swedish. Daughter of Carl Linnaeus and
Sara Elisabet Linnaea. Sister of Carl
Linnaeus the Younger and of Elisabeth
Christina, Sara Christina and Sophia
Linnaea.
, Sara Christina LinnaeaLinnaea, Sara Christina
(1751-1835). Swedish. Daughter of Carl
Linnaeus and Sara Elisabet Linnaea.
Sister of Carl Linnaeus the Younger and
of Elisabeth Christina, Louisa and
Sophia Linnaea.
and Sophia LinnaeaLinnaea, Sophia (1757-1830).
Swedish. Daughter of Carl Linnaeus and
Sara Elisabet Linnaea. Sister of Carl
Linnaeus the Younger and of Elisabeth
Christina, Louisa and Sara Christina
Linnaea. Wife of Samuel Christoffer
Duse.
] send their best regards.

P. S. Linnaeus reports that he has received a letter from Stockholm informing him that the much longed-for ship has reached Varberg. If the sea does not freeze in a too soon there is hope that it will arrive in Stockholm this year.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (KVA, Linnť Burmannus, 1201-1204). [1] [2] [3] [4]

upEDITIONS

1. Epistolae ineditae Caroli Linnaei (1830), p. 105-108 .
2. Bref och skrifvelser (1943), vol. II:2, p. 256-259   p.256  p.257  p.258  p.259.