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Link: • Carl Linnaeus to Johannes Burman, 10 February 1769 n.s.
Dated 1769 d. 10. februarii.. Sent from Uppsala (Sweden) to Amsterdam (Netherlands). Written in Latin.


Linnaeus has received Johannes BurmanísBurman, Johannes (1707-1779).
Dutch. Botanist, professor of medicine
in Amsterdam. Close friend of Linnaeus.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
letter dated 20 January 1769Letter L4223 that pleased him more than ever. He is happy to see that Burman is still well. Burman has given him such proofs of their old and genuine friendship that Linnaeus feels as if he is constantly embraced. Linnaeus thinks of him almost every day and as long as he lives he owes more thanks to Burman than to anyone else. He is amazed at Burmanís merits. Earlier very few exotic plants were illustrated, now, because of him, a great many. Linnaeus asks Burman to count how many illustrations there are in his works and how many species. Linnaeus is convinced that no one else has done anything like it for science. Linnaeus asks Burman for old friendshipís sake to send a copy of his catalogue of Indian plants when it is published [Linnaeus refers to the Flora Malabarica:sive index in omnes tomos Horti MalabariciBurman, Johannes Flora
Malabarica: sive index in omnes tomos
Horti Malabarici, quem juxta normam a
botanicis hujus aevi receptam

(Amsterdam, 1769).

Linnaeus has not received the parcel Burman forwarded to Daniel BalguerieBalguerie, Daniel (1733-1788).
Swedish. Swedish agent in Amsterdam,
succeeded his father Pierre Balguerie.
[Nicolaas Laurens BurmanBurman, Nicolaas Laurens
(1734-1793). Dutch. Professor of
botany. Linnaeusís pupil in Uppsala in
1760. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
told him that in a letter to Linnaeus, 22 September 1768Letter L4114]. He hopes that the seeds have not dried.

Linnaeus will not forget to recommend Burmanís son [Nicolaas Laurens BurmanBurman, Nicolaas Laurens
(1734-1793). Dutch. Professor of
botany. Linnaeusís pupil in Uppsala in
1760. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
] for the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences [Kungliga Svenska VetenskapsakademienKungliga Svenska Vetenskapsakademien,
Swedish. The Royal Swedish
Academy of Sciences, Stockholm. Founded
in 1739.

When Linnaeus read Burmanís letter and reached the part about Burmanís sonís illness, he hardly dared to continue reading. Now he congratulates Burman and the world on the recovery and hopes that the illness will leave no marks.

Linnaeus congratulates the Burmans on the sonís appointment as Professor of Botany and his fatherís successor. He remembers when the same favour was granted to his son [Carl Linnaeus the YoungerLinnaeus the Younger, Carl
(1741-1783). Swedish. Botanist. Son of
Carl Linnaeus and Sara Elisabet Linnaea.
Brother of Elisabeth Christina, Louisa,
Sara Christina and Sophia Linnaea.
Attended his fatherís lectures, had
private tutors (Löfling, Rolander,
Solander and Falk, all Linnaeusís
students). Demonstrator of botany at
Uppsala. Succeeded his
] by the king.

The following of his disciples are professors now: Burman in Amsterdam, Johannes BeckmannBeckman, Johannes (1739-1811).
German. Professor of economy,
Göttingen. After a two-year stay in
St Petersburg, he travelled in Sweden
and Denmark in 1765-1766. Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
in Göttingen, Johan Peter FalckFalck, Johan Peter (1732-1774).
Swedish. Professor of botany and
curator of the botanical garden of St
Petersburg. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
in St.Petersburg, Adam KuhnKuhn, Adam (1741-1817).
American. Physician, Philadelphia.
Studied under Linnaeus at Uppsala
University in 1762-1763. Linnaeusís only
American student. Correspondent of
in Philadelphia, Daniel SolanderSolander, Daniel (1733-1782).
Swedish. Naturalist, explorer. Student
in Uppsala under Linnaeus and Johan
Gottschalk Wallerius. Went to London in
1760. Curator of natural history
collections at the British Museum.
Botanist on Cookís first voyage
1768-1771. Joseph Bankís librarian.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
in London and Johan FabriciusFabricius, Johan Christian
(1745-1808). Danish. Professor of
economy and natural history in
Copenhagen. Linnaeusís pupil 1762-1764.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
in Copenhagen.

Linnaeus has classified most of the Indian and Cape plants whose genus was previously uncertain. Burman possesses the worldís largest collection of plants from distant parts and Linnaeus wishes that he can continue to receive flowers of uncertain genus, but Burman can feel free to name them. In that way they can still achieve something through their united efforts.

Linnaeus comments on some African plants. Some are still doubtful as Rapuntium etc. He asks Burman to send a flower of Casuarina, of Lingoum and Pterocarpus. Has Burman seen the flowers of Pandanum?

Linnaeus asks Burman to forward the enclosed sheet to his son.

Thousand of times Linnaeus has thought of Burmanís amazing collection of Ixia that Linnaeus would like to see, live or dried.

Linnaeus asks Burman to send some seeds for the summer to take away the effects of his old age if he is still living then.

Linnaeus has asked all botanists if they have seeds of Loosia, a plant that pleases him more than others to look at.


a. original holograph (KVA, Carl von Linnťs arkiv, 2401-2404). [1] [2] [3] [4]


1. Epistolae ineditae Caroli Linnaei (1830), p. 112-115 .
2. Bref och skrifvelser (1943), vol. II:2, p. 186-188   p.186  p.187  p.188.