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Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L4194 • Carl Linnaeus to Nicolaas Laurens Burman, 24 March 1769 n.s.
Dated 24 Martii 1769. Sent from Uppsala (Sweden) to Amsterdam (Netherlands). Written in Latin.

Viro Clarissimo,
D[omino] D[octori] N[ICOLAO] L[AURENTIO] BURMANNO,
Professori Botanico,
Amico candidissimo,
S[alutem] pl[urimam] d[icit]
Car[olus] Linné.

Suavissimas Tuas d[ie] 3 martii multo cum oblectamento excepi. Quantum fui perterritus ab inclyti Parentis Tui literis, dum morbum Tuum mihi describebat, tantum laetatus etiam fui ab hisce Tuis, quod divina gratia plene convaluisti, et animitus Tibi opto omnem felicitatem cum sanitate et quaecumque prospera adveniant.

Grates reddo immensas pro seminibus generose a Te missis, quae floribus suis hac aestate me senem reficiant. Amaryllis bulbisperma etiamnum bene crescit et, ut spero, adolebit. Bulbi nulli ex Tuis missis hoc vere flores protulere; forte proximo anno eos dabunt. Doleo, quod nullam Brunswigiam etiamnum viderim florentem.

D[ominus] Bodartius videtur esse vir honestissimus; multum illi debeo, qui opusculum de Scarabaeis miserit. Utinam Tua ope brevi accederet!

Tibi gratulor ex animo de tot splendidis muneribus. Faxit Deus, ut vires sufficiant Tibi tot oneribus perferendis, ne vires nimium exhauriant!

In oratione inaugurali posses optime eligere materiam de progressu Botanices hujus seculi et incipere, ubi Hotto desinebat, ut ostenderes plures plantas innotuisse ex Indicis utrisque et Africanis, quam ullo praeterito seculo, quod genera et certiora fundamenta scientiae hoc aevo jacta, quod leges et systemata accuratius pertractata, quod usus vires in Medicina et Oeconomia &c. &c.

Si velis mittere Floram Capensem, antequam prodeat, pro¬mitto, quod hoc non facias absque usu; et monebo de obscuris, quae sint optanda pro harum diagnosi.

Per 14 dies totus fui in Ericis Capensibus, quas olim plerasque a Venerando parente Tuo accepi; divisi ea[s] in Ericas 1. antheris (basi) biaristatis et 2. (in basi) muticis. Utrasque subdivisi secundum folia opposita terna, quaterna, plura exempli gratia:

Antheris biaristatis Antheris muticis
*Foliis oppositis s[ive] binis*foliis oppositis
E. vulgaristenuifolia 29
nigrita foliis ternis
**Foliis ternis Plukenetii 17
nigrita 43 coccinea 18
articularis 44Bruniades 15
corifolia 32 capitata 16
spicata umbellata 2
australis imbricata 12
cubitalis vagans
triflora 33spumosa 37
baccans ciliaris 11
calycina 28absinthoides 41
halicacaba 27 scoparia 5
virid.-purp. 7*** fol[iis] quaternis
paniculata 36herbacea 3
planifolia 35carnea 14
pentaphyllea 23td>pilulifera 31
cinerea 4cerinthoides 21
pubescens 25tubiflora 20
rudis td>curviflora 19
caffra 6fastigiata 40
*** Fol[iis] quaternis*foliis pluribus
physodes 26x multiflora 13
parviflora 25
arborea 9
abietina 22
persoluta doleo quod specimina sequentium
ramentacea 42td>perfecta deficiant s[cilicet]
Tetralix 8caffra, arborea purpurascens
**** Fol[iis] pluribuscoccinea
empetrifolia 30
purpurascens 10

Certe Ericis capensibus nullum genus capense et Gnaphaliis difficilius et majus; adeoque requiruntur in his notae certissimae. Royenus olim has promisit, sed numquam post haec praestabit.

Filius meus valet; nondum uxorem duxit; successit mihi in munere; tamen doceo publice in Academia per hyemem ille aestate Botanicen.

Meis, quaeso, salutes venerandum omnibus Botanicis, mihi praecipue, Parentem Tuum, et me, ut facis, ames!

Upsala d[ie] 24 Martii 1769.

[address]
Viro Clarissimo
D[omino] D[octori] N[icolao] L[aurentio] Burmanno
Professori Botanico
Amsterdam.

upSUMMARY

Linnaeus is delighted at having received Nikolaas Laurens BurmanísBurman, Nicolaas Laurens
(1734-1793). Dutch. Professor of
botany. Linnaeusís pupil in Uppsala in
1760. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
letter dated 3 March1769 Letter L4203. Just as he was frightened to read the letter from Burmanís father [Johannes BurmanBurman, Johannes (1707-1779).
Dutch. Botanist, professor of medicine
in Amsterdam. Close friend of Linnaeus.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
] about the sonís illness [Johannes Burman to Linnaeus, 20 January 1769Letter L4223], so he was delighted to see that he had recovered , and he sincerely wishes that he will have good health.

Linnaeus is grateful for the seeds that Burman sent. They will refresh the old man with their flowers this summer. Amaryllis bulbisperma grows well. None of the bulbs that Burman sent has flowers this spring. Linnaeus has not yet seen a Brunswigia flowering.

Pieter BoddaertBoddaert, Pieter (1730?-?).
Dutch. Naturalist and physician. Friend
of Albert Schlosser, whose cabinet of
natural history objects he described.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
seems to be an honourable man. Linnaeus is grateful for the book on scarabs that Boddaert sent and which he hopes to receive soon through Burman [see Burman to Linnaeus, 10 April 1769Letter L4204].

Linnaeus congratulates Burman on his excellent appointments, and he hopes that God will give him the strength to fulfil his obligations.

Linnaeus suggests that Burman chooses material for his inaugural address from progress in botany during this century. He can start where Petrus HottonHotton, Petrus (1648-1709).
Dutch. Professor of Botany, Leiden.
finished.

If Burman sends his Cape flora before it is published [Linnaeus refers to the section in Flora IndicaBurman, Nicolaas Laurens
Flora Indica: cui accedit series
zoophytorum Indicorum, nec non prodromus
florae Capensis
(Leiden &
Amsterdam, 1768).
, which deals with plants in this area] Linnaeus promises to take care of it.

Linnaeus has been busy with the Cape Ericae for a fortnight. He once received most of them from Burmanís father and he has divided them into groups and subgroups. He gives examples.

No Cape genus is larger or more difficult than Ericae and Gnaphalia. Therefore very reliable observations are necessary. Adriaan van RoyenRoyen, Adriaan van (1705-1779).
Dutch. Professor of botany, director of
the botanical garden of Leiden.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
promised to do that once, but he did not.

Linnaeusís son[Carl Linnaeus the YoungerLinnaeus the Younger, Carl
(1741-1783). Swedish. Botanist. Son of
Carl Linnaeus and Sara Elisabet Linnaea.
Brother of Elisabeth Christina, Louisa,
Sara Christina and Sophia Linnaea.
Attended his fatherís lectures, had
private tutors (Löfling, Rolander,
Solander and Falk, all Linnaeusís
students). Demonstrator of botany at
Uppsala. Succeeded his
father.
] is well. He has not yet married. He has succeeded Linnaeus in his duties, but Linnaeus teaches botany at the university in winter, his son in summer.

Linnaeus sends his regards to all his botanical friends, in particular Burmanís father.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (KVA, Linnť Burmannus, 1501-1504). [1] [2] [3] [4]

upEDITIONS

1. Epistolae ineditae Caroli Linnaei (1830), p. 120-122 .
2. Bref och skrifvelser (1943), vol. II:2, p. 270-272   p.270  p.271  p.272.