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Link: • Johannes Burman to Carl Linnaeus, 20 January 1769 n.s.
Dated 20 Ian: 1769. Sent from Amsterdam (Netherlands) to Uppsala (Sweden). Written in Latin.


Johannes BurmanBurman, Johannes (1707-1779).
Dutch. Botanist, professor of medicine
in Amsterdam. Close friend of Linnaeus.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
has understood from Linnaeusís last two letters to Burmanís son [Nicolaas Laurens BurmanBurman, Nicolaas Laurens
(1734-1793). Dutch. Professor of
botany. Linnaeusís pupil in Uppsala in
1760. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
] [Linnaeus to Nicolaas Laurens Burman 24 March 1769Letter L4194 and 8 August 1769Letter L4250] that he has not forgotten his old friend. Burman also numbers Linnaeus among his very best friends saying this as a proof of their eternal and genuine friendship. Burman is well but because of the seasonís terrible weather, he has problems with his feet and cannot visit his patients. His son, however, helps him. They are both content leading a quiet life as bachelors.

Recently, Burman completed his Flora Malabarica:sive index in omnes tomos Horti MalabariciBurman, Johannes Flora
Malabarica: sive index in omnes tomos
Horti Malabarici, quem juxta normam a
botanicis hujus aevi receptam

(Amsterdam, 1769).
according to Linnaeusís system. In the same way he renewed and illustrated IndexBurman, Johannes Index alter
in omnes tomos herbarii Amboinensis
(Amsterdam 1769).
. If they are printed this spring he will send copies to Linnaeus together with some exotic seeds.

The same day as Burman received Linnaeusís last letter but one [this letter has not come down to us] his son had a diploma from Andreas Elias BüchnerBüchner, Andreas Elias
(1701-1769). German. Editor of
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
making him a member of Leopoldinisch-Carolinische Akademie der NaturforscherLeopoldinisch-Carolinische Akademie
der Naturforscher,
German. The
Leopoldine-Caroline Academy of
naturalists was founded in 1652 in
Schweinfurt, Germany. From 1670 it
published the Miscellanea curiosa
medico-physica Academiae naturae
curiosorum sive Ephemerides
, often just called
Ephemerides, the first medical
and natural history periodical.
under the name of Dioscoridis. The Burmans would be most grateful if Linnaeus could make Burmanís son a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences [Kungliga Svenska VetenskapsakademienKungliga Svenska Vetenskapsakademien,
Swedish. The Royal Swedish
Academy of Sciences, Stockholm. Founded
in 1739.
] to show their friendship. When Burman examines and works with his exotic plants he is happy thinking of the old days when Linnaeus stayed in his house. Now they are both old and must be satisfied with their pleasant learned correspondance.

Burman had finished his letter and was waiting for a reply to Linnaeus from his son. He, however, was busy and returned home exhausted. Then because of the rainy and foggy winter he fell ill but concealed it and continued visiting his patients. Unexpectedly he had a feverish catarrh, so strong that his life was in danger. Due to obstructions in the membrana Smeideriana in the head, and in the lungs, he could hardly breathe. However, by means of dissolving and fever reducing medicine he recovered and could breathe freely and sleep.

Before the end of this month Burmanís son will be appointed Professor of Botany at the desire of Burman and his friends. Then the son can succeed his father as teacher of the botanical system and exotic plants and trees in Latin. Burman is sure that this message will please Linnaeus. Burman would not reveal this to anyone else abroad except Linnaeus as he is such a close friend.

From Domenico VandelliVandelli, Domenico (1735-1816).
Italian. Physician and botanist. Left
for Portugal in 1764, where he was a
professor at the university of Coimbra.
He was the founder of Ajuda botanical
garden in Lisboa and of the Coimbra
botanical garden, where he was also the
first director (1773-1791).
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
in Lisbon Burman has received a parcel containing some seeds and a work on Drakenia. There is one for Linnaeus as well and Burman forwards it at once.

As soon as his son is better he will reply to Linnaeusís letters in proper order. Burman has not told him that he has sent this letter in order to let him rest.


a. (LS, II, 480-481). [1] [2] [3]


1. Bref och skrifvelser (1943), vol. II:2, p. 184-186   p.184  p.185  p.186.