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C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L4260 • Johan Ernst Gunnerus to Carl Linnaeus, 12 September 1769 n.s.
Dated d. 12 Sept. 1769. Sent from Trondheim (Norway) to Uppsala (Sweden). Written in Danish.

upSUMMARY

Johan Ernst GunnerusGunnerus, Johan Ernst
(1718-1773). Norwegian. Bishop of
Trondheim. Together with Gerhard
Schøning and Peter Friederich
Suhm he founded in 1760 Det Kongelige
Norske Videnskabers Selskab [The Royal
Norwegian Society of Sciences and
Letters]. Author of Flora
Norvegica
(1766-1776). Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
sends Linnaeus the following specimens through Maximilian HellHell, Maximilian (1720-1792).
Hungarian. Astronomer and an ordained
Jesuit priest, director of the
observatorium in Vienna in 1756. Upon
the invitation of the King of Denmark he
went to the north of Norway in 1769 to
observe the transit of Venus before the
sun. The Royal Danish Academy of
Sciences and Letters funded the
publication of his 1770 account of the
Venus passage.

class="Uline">Source: F.
Szenkovits, "Hell Miksa (Maximilian
Hell,1720–1792 )", Technical
Review, Historia Scientiarum 2 30
(2005) 13–26 (summary in English); art.
in Wikipedia based on Alexander
Moutchnik, Forschung und Lehre in der
zweiten Hälfte des 18.
Jahrhunderts: Der Naturwissenschaftler
und Universitätsprofessor Christian
Mayer SJ (1719-1783)
(2004).
and Jens Finne BorchgrevinkBorchgrevink, Jens Finne
(1737-1819). Norwegian. Botanist and
clergyman. One of Linnaeus’s private
pupils. Assistant to Johan Ernst
Gunnerus. Son of Leonhard Christian
Borchgrevink. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, who are leaving for Copenhagen:

A. A thin pellucid Fucus. It is of the same consistency as Gunnerus’s Fucus ovinus in Flora NorvegicaGunnerus, Johan Ernst Flora
Norvegica, observationibus praesertim
aeconomicis panosque Norvegici
iocupletata
(Trondheim &
Copenhagen, 1766-1772), 2 vols.
, I, of which it might be a variety.

B. A new and better specimen of the Fucus pectinatus that was sent with Christian HorrebowHorrebow, Christian
(1718-1776). Danish. Professor of
astronomy, Danish cabinet minister,
Copenhagen. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
.

C. and D. seem to be one and the same species of Fucus or perhaps rather Conferva.

F. and E. Gunnerus does not know anything about these specimens.

G. is a Mya, possibly Mya arctica.

H. could be Buccinum. It is the same as the one Gunnerus has had illustrated in ”Acta”, IV, [Gunnerus refers to the publications of The Royal Norwegian Society of Sciences and Letters, Det Kongelige Norske Videnskabers SelskabDet Kongelige Norske Videnskabers
Selskab, The Royal Norwegian Society of
Sciences and Letters
Norwegian.
Founded in 1760 by Johan Ernst Gunnerus,
Gerhard Schøning Peter Friederich
Suhm as the Trondhiemske Selskab (the
Trondheim Society). It received Royal
affirmation of its statues in 1767 and
became the Kongelige Norske Videnskabers
Selskab (the Royal Norwegian Society of
Sciences and Letters). Its publications
are Det Trondhiemske Selskabs
Skrifter
, 1-3 (1761-1765) and Det
Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskabs
Skrifter
, 4-5 (1768-1774).
, Det Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskabs SkrifterDet Kongelige Norske Videnskabers
Selskab, The Royal Norwegian Society of
Sciences and Letters
Det
Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskabs
Skrifter
, 4-5 (1768-1774).
] under the false name Turbo clathrus [the description was published in "Om nogle norske coraller"Gunnerus, Johan Ernst "Om
nogle norske coraller", Det
Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskabs
Skrifter
, 4 (1768), 38-73.
].

Gunnerus has received all these things from Hell and some from Borchgrevink. He has, however, received them so recently that he has not had time to examine them.

P.S. 1. There is a note saying that a blue bag should be forwarded to Johan Hieronymus ChemnitzChemnitz, Johan Hieronymus
(1730-1800). Danish. Chaplain at the
castle of Kronborg, and vicar at
Helsingör.
.

P.S. 2 [by another hand in German] To Pehr Wilhelm WargentinWargentin, Pehr Wilhelm
(1717-1783). Swedish. Astronomer and
statistician. Secretary of the Royal
Swedish Academy of Sciences since 1749.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
in Stockholm to be forwarded further.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. (LS, VI, 58-59). [1] [2] [3]

upEDITIONS

1. Brevveksling (1976), p. 103 .