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Link: • Johan Ernst Gunnerus to Carl Linnaeus, 2 September 1769 n.s.
Dated d. 2 Sept. 1769. Sent from Trondheim (Norway) to Uppsala (Sweden). Written in Danish.


Eight days previously Johan Ernst GunnerusGunnerus, Johan Ernst
(1718-1773). Norwegian. Bishop of
Trondheim. Together with Gerhard
Schøning and Peter Friederich
Suhm he founded in 1760 Det Kongelige
Norske Videnskabers Selskab [The Royal
Norwegian Society of Sciences and
Letters]. Author of Flora
(1766-1776). Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
had sent three specimens of Fucus to Linnaeus through Christian HorrebowHorrebow, Christian
(1718-1776). Danish. Professor of
astronomy, Danish cabinet minister,
Copenhagen. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
. They were addressed to Johan Hieronymus ChemnitzChemnitz, Johan Hieronymus
(1730-1800). Danish. Chaplain at the
castle of Kronborg, and vicar at
in Helsingör and Bergius in Stockholm, respectively. Gunnerus believes the Fuci to be new ones. There are also two specimens of Lichen involved with each other. The one somewhat resembles Lichen fragilis, the other Lichen pubescens. However, they are not the same. Gunnerus still believes Georg Christian von Oeder’sOeder, Georg Christian von
(1728-1791). German/Danish. Botanist
and economist. Studied under Albrecht
von Haller in Göttingen and became
professor of botany at Copenhagen.
Minister of finance for Norway. Started
the publishing of Flora Danica.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, Fucus saccharinus to be the plant that he has sent Linnaeus a drawing of. However, in an answer to that letter [Linnaeus to Gunnerus, 1 December 1766Letter L3839] Linnaeus declared it to be Ulva latissima. When the second volume of Gunnerus’s ”Flora” [Gunnerus refers to his Flora NorvegicaGunnerus, Johan Ernst Flora
Norvegica, observationibus praesertim
aeconomicis panosque Norvegici
(Trondheim &
Copenhagen, 1766-1772), 2 vols.
], is sent to the publisher, Gunnerus intends to insert an illustration of an alga in natural size, which he considers to be Ulva latissima. Linnaeus’s character convenes splendidly with it. If this plant, however, is Ulva latissima, the one previously sent must be Fucus saccharinus.

P.S. A few days previously Jens Finne BorchgrevinkBorchgrevink, Jens Finne
(1737-1819). Norwegian. Botanist and
clergyman. One of Linnaeus’s private
pupils. Assistant to Johan Ernst
Gunnerus. Son of Leonhard Christian
Borchgrevink. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, had returned from Finnmarken. Together with Maximilian HellHell, Maximilian (1720-1792).
Hungarian. Astronomer and an ordained
Jesuit priest, director of the
observatorium in Vienna in 1756. Upon
the invitation of the King of Denmark he
went to the north of Norway in 1769 to
observe the transit of Venus before the
sun. The Royal Danish Academy of
Sciences and Letters funded the
publication of his 1770 account of the
Venus passage.

class="Uline">Source: F.
Szenkovits, "Hell Miksa (Maximilian
Hell,1720–1792 )", Technical
Review, Historia Scientiarum 2 30
(2005) 13–26 (summary in English); art.
in Wikipedia based on Alexander
Moutchnik, Forschung und Lehre in der
zweiten Hälfte des 18.
Jahrhunderts: Der Naturwissenschaftler
und Universitätsprofessor Christian
Mayer SJ (1719-1783)
, he is about to leave for Copenhagen. Borchgrevink has brought with him specimens of Veratrum album in parcels with earth. Gunnerus hopes that they can be planted in his garden. However, the specimens do not enable him to improve the illustration he sent Linnaeus [fol. 55]. In the Norwegian ”Acta” [Gunnerus refers to the publications of The Royal Norwegian Society of Sciences and Letters, Det Kongelige Norske Videnskabers SelskabDet Kongelige Norske Videnskabers
Selskab, The Royal Norwegian Society of
Sciences and Letters
Founded in 1760 by Johan Ernst Gunnerus,
Gerhard Schøning Peter Friederich
Suhm as the Trondhiemske Selskab (the
Trondheim Society). It received Royal
affirmation of its statues in 1767 and
became the Kongelige Norske Videnskabers
Selskab (the Royal Norwegian Society of
Sciences and Letters). Its publications
are Det Trondhiemske Selskabs
, 1-3 (1761-1765) and Det
Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskabs
, 4-5 (1768-1774).
, Det Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskabs SkrifterDet Kongelige Norske Videnskabers
Selskab, The Royal Norwegian Society of
Sciences and Letters
Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskabs
, 4-5 (1768-1774).
], Hell promises to publish a treatise on the phenomenon of organisms light up the water [this treatise about ”Morilden” was however not published in the Skrifter]. Hell believes this to be caused by many species of small animals in the sea and not only by Nereis noctiluca. Gunnerus has received new specimens of the ”Lodde” through a merchant [Peter Christian BuckBuck, Peter Christian
Norwegian. Merchant, Hammerfest, Norway.
] in Finnmarken. They are well preserved in alcohol. However, Gunnerus wishes to see the ”Slom” to find out whether it, just as the ”Nors”, has some bigger teeth, something that he has not seen in the ”Lodde”. Gunnerus hopes to receive seeds from Linum perenne in his garden. The other seeds that he has received have not come up. He has ordered seeds of Tamarix germanica again; he hopes to be able to send them in the autumn.


a. (LS, VI, 56-57). [1] [2] [3]


1. Brevveksling (1976), p. 101-102 .