-Search for letters
-Search in texts






Link: • Carl Linnaeus to Johan Ernst Gunnerus, 5 October 1769 n.s.
Dated 1769 d:5 october. Sent from Uppsala (Sweden) to Trondheim (Norway). Written in Swedish.


Linnaeus is immensely grateful to Johan Ernst GunnerusGunnerus, Johan Ernst
(1718-1773). Norwegian. Bishop of
Trondheim. Together with Gerhard
Schøning and Peter Friederich
Suhm he founded in 1760 Det Kongelige
Norske Videnskabers Selskab [The Royal
Norwegian Society of Sciences and
Letters]. Author of Flora
(1766-1776). Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
the fresh seeds of Tamarix germanica.

Gentiana is the same as Georg Christian von Oeder’sOeder, Georg Christian von
(1728-1791). German/Danish. Botanist
and economist. Studied under Albrecht
von Haller in Göttingen and became
professor of botany at Copenhagen.
Minister of finance for Norway. Started
the publishing of Flora Danica.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
tab. 317 [Gunnerus refers to [Flora danica]. Icones plantarum sponte nascentium in regnis Daniae et NorvegiaeOeder, Georg Christian von
[Flora danica.] [Flora danica].
Icones plantarum sponte nascentium in
regnis Daniae et Norvegiae, in ducatibus
Slesvici et Holsatiae, et in comitatibus
Oldenburgi et Delmenhorstiae: ad
illustrandum opus de iisdem plantis,
regio jussu exarandum, Florae danicae
nomine inscriptum
, 17 vol., Suppl.
(1 v.) (Copenhagen 1766 [i.e.
]. Oeder has received his specimen from Johan Gerhard KönigKönig, Johan Gerhard
(1728-1785). Danish. Physician, born in
Polish Livonia. Private pupil of
Linnaeus in 1757. Visited Iceland. Went
to Tranquebar in India, to Thailand and
Ceylon. He died on his way to Tibet.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, who had found it on Iceland. Linnaeus too received specimens from König. Thus Oeder’s, König’s and Gunnerus’s Gentianae are the same. Linnaeus also has Gentiana ciliata from Canada which is very similar, but the flower is much bigger. The Italian, depicted by Fabio ColonnaColonna, Fabio (1567-1650).
Italian. Botanist, painter and engraver.
[Linnaeus refers to the Minus cognitarum rariorumque nostro coelo orientium stirpium ekphrasisColonna, Fabio Minus
cognitarum rariorumque nostro coelo
orientium stirpium ekphrasis :qua non
paucae ab antiquioribus Theophrasto,
Dioscoride, Plinio, Galeno aliisq.
descriptae, praeter illas etiam in
Phytobasano editas disquiruntur ac
declarantur. Item de aquatilibus
aliisque nonnullis animalibus libellus
[...]. Omnia fideliter ad vivum
delineata, atque aeneis-typis expressa
cum indice in calce voluminis
(Rome, 1616).
] and others, Canadian and the northern Gentianae are so similar that they cannot be separated as to species; they are but mere varieties.

Linnaeus has not yet received through Maximilian HellHell, Maximilian (1720-1792).
Hungarian. Astronomer and an ordained
Jesuit priest, director of the
observatorium in Vienna in 1756. Upon
the invitation of the King of Denmark he
went to the north of Norway in 1769 to
observe the transit of Venus before the
sun. The Royal Danish Academy of
Sciences and Letters funded the
publication of his 1770 account of the
Venus passage.

class="Uline">Source: F.
Szenkovits, "Hell Miksa (Maximilian
Hell,1720–1792 )", Technical
Review, Historia Scientiarum 2 30
(2005) 13–26 (summary in English); art.
in Wikipedia based on Alexander
Moutchnik, Forschung und Lehre in der
zweiten Hälfte des 18.
Jahrhunderts: Der Naturwissenschaftler
und Universitätsprofessor Christian
Mayer SJ (1719-1783)
the small marine insects that shine in the darkness. Linnaeus knows that most molluscs shine at night, so that they may see each other, etc.; otherwise they would not need their eyes.

Linnaeus has used two weeks to try to find a student for Caspar Herman von KroghKrogh, Caspar Herman von
(1723-1802). Norwegian. Colonel,
, but in vain. At the whole university there are only three students that are learned both in French and mathematics. These are already well provided for and are not interested.


a. original holograph (Norges teknisk-naturvetenskapliga universitetsbiblioteket, Trondheim, Priv. arch. 277. Det Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskabs Arkiv ).


1. Biskop Gunnerus' virksomhed fornemmelig som botaniker (1903), vol. IV, p. 132-133 .
2. Brevveksling (1976), p. 106 .