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Link: • Carl Linnaeus to Johannes Burman, 22 February 1770 n.s.
Dated 1770. d. 22 februarii. Sent from Uppsala (Sweden) to Amsterdam (Netherlands). Written in Latin.


Yesterday Linnaeus received Johannes BurmanísBurman, Johannes (1707-1779).
Dutch. Botanist, professor of medicine
in Amsterdam. Close friend of Linnaeus.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
very pleasant letter [Burman to Linnaeus 20 January 1770Letter L4321] that reminded him of Burmanís old favours and that almost made him weep.

No one possesses more dried plants than Linnaeus and Burman, and Burman far more from India and Africa. How much Linnaeus would like to see Burmanís treasure if the distance permitted.

Linnaeus does not know how to thank Burman for the parts of the rare plant that he sent. Linnaeus calls the plant Hermas and he describes it.

Linnaeus has not heard about the indices, Amboinensis and Malabaricus [the books referred to in Burmanís letter were the IndexBurman, Johannes Index alter
in omnes tomos herbarii Amboinensis
(Amsterdam 1769).
and the Flora Malabarica: sive index in omnes tomos Horti MalabariciBurman, Johannes Flora
Malabarica: sive index in omnes tomos
Horti Malabarici, quem juxta normam a
botanicis hujus aevi receptam

(Amsterdam, 1769).
], nor that they were published. He begs Burman to send them so that he can make reference to them and quote from them in his Species plantarum if there will be a new edition [there was no new edition in Linnaeusís life-time after Species plantarum [...] editio tertia,Linnaeus, Carl Species
plantarum [...] editio tertia
, I-II
(Vienna 1764). Soulsby no. 510.
] as he did with Burmanís sonís [Nicolaas Laurens BurmanBurman, Nicolaas Laurens
(1734-1793). Dutch. Professor of
botany. Linnaeusís pupil in Uppsala in
1760. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
] index of Indian plants [Linnaeus refers to the Flora IndicaBurman, Nicolaas Laurens
Flora Indica: cui accedit series
zoophytorum Indicorum, nec non prodromus
florae Capensis
(Leiden &
Amsterdam, 1768).

After the publication of the third part of Systema naturae (on stones) [Linnaeus refers to the ĒRegnum LapideumĒ, published in 1768, of the Systema naturae, 12th editionLinnaeus, Carl Systema
, 12th edition (Stockholm
1766-1768). Soulsby no. 62.
] Linnaeus has only published the seventh part of the Amoenitates academicaeLinnaeus, Carl Amoenitates
, I-X (Stockholm
1749-1790). Soulsby no. 1280.
[vol. 7 was published in 1769]. He is very busy examining his dried Indian specimens. Among them he found a Hedysarum from east India which he describes.

Amboina is the richest part of the world for rare fishes, but very few are known. Linnaeus and all the worldís scientists wish that Burman could publish them with illustrations. No one else has more fishes of that kind than Burman. Linnaeus wishes that he could stay with him a fortnight and work.

Linnaeus asks for Malabar and Amboina plants that he could examine and then return the descriptions.

Linnaeus wonders if Burman has a Cape plant with sword-like leaves etc. Linnaeus has a dried specimen but he cannot quite understand the fructification.

Linnaeus describes three other new Cape genera.

In the future Burman should write to Linnaeus under the address of the Royal Society of Sciences in Uppsala [Kungliga Vetenskaps-Societeten i UppsalaKungliga Vetenskaps-Societeten i
Swedish. The Royal
Society of Sciences at Uppsala was
founded in 1728.
] in Uppsala.

Linnaeus would like to see one flower of Peltaria. He encloses a Calceolaria.


a. original holograph (KVA, Carl von Linnťs arkiv, 2601-2604). [1] [2] [3] [4]


1. Epistolae ineditae Caroli Linnaei (1830), p. 130-134 .
2. Bref och skrifvelser (1943), vol. II:2, p. 191-194   p.191  p.192  p.193  p.194.