-Search for letters
-Search in texts






Link: • Carl Linnaeus to Frederick Calvert, 6th Lord of Baltimore, 16 February 1770 n.s.
Dated 1770. d. 16. februarii.. Sent from Uppsala (Sweden) to (). Written in Latin.


Linnaeus thanks Frederick Calvert, 6th Lord of BaltimoreBaltimore, Frederick Calvert, 6th
Lord of
(1731-1771). Irish. Peer.
Owner of the colony of Maryland. English
writer. Visited Linnaeus at Hammarby in
1769. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
for his letter of 25 January [Lord Baltimore to Linnaeus, 25 January 1770Letter L4318], which he just received and true to his habits towards him, he answers promptly. He praises his verses [Linnaeus refers to Gaudia poeticaBaltimore, Frederick Calvert, 6th
Lord of
Gaudia poetica. Latina,
Anglica, et Gallica lingua composita,
Ao. 1769.
1770). Soulsby no. 2588.
], which Linnaeus has read over and over again. He also refers to the envy Lord Baltimore might have raised and comforts him. Linnaeus also congratulates Lord Baltimore for his pleasant life, where he can live wherever he wants, he can travel, and he can have all that he wants. Lord Baltimore had suggested proposing Linnaeus as a member of the Royal Society of LondonRoyal Society, London,
British. The Royal Society was founded
in Oxford in 1645 and sanctioned as a
royal society in 1662.
, but Linnaeus tells Lord Baltimore that he is already a member. Linnaeus also gives the names of a large number of learned societies in and outside Sweden in addition to the Royal Society, where he is already enrolled, such as: The Royal Society for the Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures and CommerceRoyal Society for the Encouragement
of Arts, Manufactures and Commerce,
British. The Society was founded
in in London in 1754 by William Shipley.
, the Philosophical Society of EdinburghThe Philosophical Society of
British. Founded in
1731 as the Society for the Improvement
of Medical Knowledge, from 1737 the
Edinburgh Society for improving Arts and
Sciences and particularly Natural
Knowledge, or The Philosophical Society
of Edinburgh. A first volume of their
Essays and Observations, Physical and
appeared in 1754. A second
volume appeared in 1756, and a third in
1771. In 1782 The Philosophical Society
of Edinburgh ceased and the Royal
Society of Edinburgh was founded.
, l’Académie royale des sciences, ParisAcadémie royale des sciences,
French. The French
Académie des sciences was founded
in 1666 and became a royal academy in
1699. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, la Société Royale des Sciences de MontpellierAcadémie des sciences et
lettres de Montpellier ,
Académie des sciences et lettres
de Montpellier was founded in 1706 as
the Société royale des
sciences de Montpellier and dissolved in
1793 during the Revolution. This society
formed by its constitution one and the
same organization with the academy of
Paris. It was reconstituted in 1795 as
the Société libre des
sciences et belles-lettres de
Montpellier, but disapeared in 1816. In
1846 it was revived as Académie
des sciences et lettres de Montpellier.
Its first journal was Histoire de la
Société royale des
sciences établie à
Montpellier avec les mémoires de
mathématiques et de physique
tirés des registres de cette
, vols. 1-2
(1706-1745), which were published
, l’Académie des sciences, inscriptions et belles-lettres de ToulouseAcadémie des sciences,
inscriptions et belles-lettres de
Académie des sciences,
inscriptions et belles-lettres de
Toulouse was founded in 1640 as the
Académie des Lanternistes.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, the Botanical Society of Florence [Società Botanica FiorentinaSocietà Botanica Fiorentina,
The Botanical Society of Florence

Italian. The first botanical society in
Europe, founded in 1716 by Pier Antonio
Micheli. Merged in 1783 with the
Accademia dei Georgofili, the first
agricultural academy in Europe, founded
in 1753.
], la Société Oeconomique de BerneSociété oeconomique de
Swiss. The first session
of this society, Schweitzerische
Gesellschaft in Bern, is said to have
taken place in January 1759. From 1762
to 1773 it was named Ökonomische
Gesellschaft zu Bern or
Société Oeconomique de
Berne. In 1890 the old society merged
with the Gemeinnützige Gesellschaft
des Kantons Bern to form the
Oekonomische und Gemeinnützige
Gesellschaft des Kantons Bern or
Société d’économie
et d’utilité publique du canton
de Berne.
, Königliche Akademie der Wissenschaften in BerlinKönigliche Akademie der
Wissenschaften, Royal Academy of
Sciences in Berlin
Founded at the instigation of Leibniz in
1700 as the
Societät der Wissenschaften. In
1744 it merged with the
Société Littéraire
du Berlin (which had been founded in
1743) to form the Königliche
Akademie der Wissenschaften.
, Königliche Landwirthschaftsgesellschaft zu Celle [the Royal Agricultural Society in CelleKönigliche
Landwirthschaftsgesellschaft zu Celle ,
German. The Königliche
Landwirthschaftsgesellschaft zu Celle,
The Royal Agricultural Society in Celle.
Founded in Celle in 1764 as a
Landwirthschaftsgesellschaft. From 1765
to 1794 it was named Königliche
Churfürstliche Braunschweigische
], the Imperial Academy of Sciences of St Petersburg,[Imperatorskaja akademija naukImperatorskaja akademija nauk,
Imperial Academy of Sciences

Russian. Imperial Academy of Sciences of
St Petersburg, founded in 1725. Its
publications are Commentarii
Academiae Scientiarum Imperialis
, 1-14 (1726 -
1744/1746 [i.e. pub. 1728 - 1751]) and
Novi Commentarii Academiae
Scientiarum Imperialis
, 1-20 (1747/1748 -
1775 [i.e. pub. 1750 - 1776]).
], the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences [Kungliga Svenska VetenskapsakademienKungliga Svenska Vetenskapsakademien,
Swedish. The Royal Swedish
Academy of Sciences, Stockholm. Founded
in 1739.
], the Royal Society of Sciences at Uppsala[Kungliga Vetenskaps-Societeten i UppsalaKungliga Vetenskaps-Societeten i
Swedish. The Royal
Society of Sciences at Uppsala was
founded in 1728.
], the Leopoldinisch-Carolinische Akademie der NaturforscherLeopoldinisch-Carolinische Akademie
der Naturforscher,
German. The
Leopoldine-Caroline Academy of
naturalists was founded in 1652 in
Schweinfurt, Germany. From 1670 it
published the Miscellanea curiosa
medico-physica Academiae naturae
curiosorum sive Ephemerides
, often just called
Ephemerides, the first medical
and natural history periodical.
and the Royal Norwegian Society of Sciences and Letters [Det Kongelige Norske Videnskabers SelskabDet Kongelige Norske Videnskabers
Selskab, The Royal Norwegian Society of
Sciences and Letters
Founded in 1760 by Johan Ernst Gunnerus,
Gerhard Schøning Peter Friederich
Suhm as the Trondhiemske Selskab (the
Trondheim Society). It received Royal
affirmation of its statues in 1767 and
became the Kongelige Norske Videnskabers
Selskab (the Royal Norwegian Society of
Sciences and Letters). Its publications
are Det Trondhiemske Selskabs
, 1-3 (1761-1765) and Det
Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskabs
, 4-5 (1768-1774).

Linnaeus again felicitates Lord Baltimore and compares him with the moon, which pays no attention to the barking of envious dogs.


a. contemporary copy (BL, Vol. LXII of Bishop Kennett´s Collections, Landsdowne Ms 996., 162-162v). [1] [2]


1. Gaudia poetica (1790), p. XLIII-XLIV .
2. A journey in the year 1793 (1795), p. 359-361 .
3. Bref och skrifvelser (1916), vol. II:1, p. 147-149   p.147  p.148  p.149.