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C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L4361 • Johan Ernst Gunnerus to Carl Linnaeus, 21 April 1770 n.s.
Dated d. 21. April. 1770. Sent from Trondheim (Norway) to Uppsala (Sweden). Written in Danish.

upSUMMARY

Johan Ernst GunnerusGunnerus, Johan Ernst
(1718-1773). Norwegian. Bishop of
Trondheim. Together with Gerhard
Schøning and Peter Friederich
Suhm he founded in 1760 Det Kongelige
Norske Videnskabers Selskab [The Royal
Norwegian Society of Sciences and
Letters]. Author of Flora
Norvegica
(1766-1776). Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
thanks Linnaeus for his last letter [Linnaeus to Gunnerus, 25 March 1770Letter L4353] with all its information. He is also grateful for the Saxifraga tridactylites that Linnaeus sent him. This Saxifraga has made Gunnerus more careful regarding his opinions of Saxifraga cespitosa and the other species of the Saxifraga that he considered to be varieties. Gunnerus is sure, though, that Saxifraga groenlandica is a mere variety of Saxifraga cespitosa, which Linnaeus can see from Gunnerus’s, Flora, II [Gunnerus refers to his Flora Norvegica]Gunnerus, Johan Ernst Flora
Norvegica, observationibus praesertim
aeconomicis panosque Norvegici
iocupletata
(Trondheim &
Copenhagen, 1766-1772), 2 vols.
]. On the 27 of April Gunnerus will undertake a tour of visitation to Nordland and Finnmarken. He will then collect many specimens of Saxifraga cespitosa, especially at Maasö in the western part of Finnmarken. When Gunnerus returns in September or October, he will send specimens to Linnaeus. Gunnerus possesses Linnaeus’s Saxifraga cernua in Flora LapponicaLinnaeus, Carl Flora
Lapponica exhibens plantas per Lapponiam
crescentes, secundum systema sexuale
collectas in itinere [...] Additis
synonymis, & locis natalibus omnium,
descriptionibus & figuris rariorum,
viribus medicatis & oeconomicis
plurimarum
(Amsterdam, 1737).
Soulsby no. 279.
. He will have it depicted so that it can later be inserted in the Norwegian ”Acta”, VI [Gunnerus refers to the publications of the Royal Norwegian Society of Sciences and Letters, Det Kongelige Norske Videnskabers SelskabDet Kongelige Norske Videnskabers
Selskab, The Royal Norwegian Society of
Sciences and Letters
Norwegian.
Founded in 1760 by Johan Ernst Gunnerus,
Gerhard Schøning Peter Friederich
Suhm as the Trondhiemske Selskab (the
Trondheim Society). It received Royal
affirmation of its statues in 1767 and
became the Kongelige Norske Videnskabers
Selskab (the Royal Norwegian Society of
Sciences and Letters). Its publications
are Det Trondhiemske Selskabs
Skrifter
, 1-3 (1761-1765) and Det
Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskabs
Skrifter
, 4-5 (1768-1774).
, Det Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskabs SkrifterDet Kongelige Norske Videnskabers
Selskab, The Royal Norwegian Society of
Sciences and Letters
Det
Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskabs
Skrifter
, 4-5 (1768-1774).
]. Gunnerus realizes that the Mya he sent is in reality no Mya arctica. Gunnerus means that Linnaeus has brought all the species of the ”Tang”, which are membraneous and pellucid without the usual fructification of the Fuci, to the Ulvae. Gunnerus has Chrysoplenium oppositifolium from Niels Henrik Tyrholm’sTyrholm, Niels Henrik
(1726-1766). Danish. Chaplain at
Frederiks hospital, Copenhagen, from
1761 amanuensis at Carl Christian Oeder.
herbarium as a Norwegian herb. However, he has removed it from his Flora, since he believes that the late Tyrholm has not found it in Norway. Gunnerus has considered a plant that he found on a mountain at Trondheim to be a Centunculus minimus. If he is not mistaken regarding his description of it and he finds it again, he will send seeds of it. However, he cannot send seeds that year because of his tour of visitation. Linnaeus will see Stellaria cerastoides? in Gunnerus’s Flora, II, which is being published. There will also be an illustration and short description of it. Unfortunately, the herb is lost. But he hopes to find a new specimen at Maasö, where he found the now lost one.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. (LS, VI, 67-68). [1] [2] [3]

upEDITIONS

1. Brevveksling (1976), p. 124-125 .