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C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L4439 • Carl Linnaeus to Petter Jonas Bergius, 16 November 1770 n.s.
Dated 1770 d. 16 Novembr. Sent from Uppsala (Sweden) to Stockholm (Sweden). Written in Swedish.

upSUMMARY

Linnaeus intends to present a dissertation de Ericis of which he has about 60 species [the thesis was entitled, Dissertationem botanicam de EricaLinnaeus, Carl Dissertationem
botanicam de Erica
, diss., resp. J.
A. Dahlgren (Uppsala, 1770). Soulsby no.
2399.
]. Bergius, however, has a few that Linnaeus cannot match with his own. They are millefolia, ferrea, nudicaulis, subdivaricata, lutea, quinquangularis. He wants to have the complete series, but has not the strength to go to Stockholm and visit Petter Jonas Bergius’sBergius, Petter Jonas
(1730-1790). Swedish. Physician and
botanist. Professor of natural history
and pharmacy at Collegium Medicum,
Stockholm. Linnaeus’s student.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
. On the other hand, there is a risk that two species will be presented twice. Linnaeus fully understands that Bergius is not prepared to lend him the specimens for inspection, and therefore suggests that a sketch of the flowers could be made and sent to him, or could not Bergius send him a flosculum from each Erica species?

Antoine GouanGouan, Antoine (1733-1821).
French. Botanist, Montpellier. Student
under Sauvages. Director of the
botanical garden in 1767, later
professor of botany and medicine.
Although an admirer of Linnaeus he tried
to develop a hybrid of his system of
classification. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
has asked for seeds from umbellatis. Linnaeus has already sent umbellatis seeds to Gouan’s colleague in Montpellier, Pierre CussonCusson, Pierre (1727-1783).
French. Physician and botanist,
Montpellier. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
. As Gouan seems to plan a new classification of umbellatis, he ought to be helped as much as possible. Linnaeus has the seeds at Hammarby and can not send them until spring, when the weather is warmer.

Linnaeus plans to name one of two new genera Bergia, but can not make up his mind, which would please Bergius the most. One is a Herba capensis of the stature of Ammannia floribus verticillatis, Decandra 5-gyna. Its fruit is like a small star.

The other genus is a tree from the East Indies with flowers like Trichilia, Swietenia, Melia. The fruit, however, is a capsula 5-cocca. Bergius is welcome to choose whichever he prefers.

Linnaeus will lend Bergius one of the copies of Johann Georg Gmelin’sGmelin, Johann Georg
(1709-1755). German. Voyager, botanist
and chemist. At the initiative of
empress Anna of Russia he spent ten
years (1733-1743) exploring Siberia. In
1749 he became professor of botany and
chemistry at Tübingen. Together
with his nephew Samuel Gottlieb he wrote
Flora Sibirica (1747-1769).
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
work [Flora SibiricaGmelin, Johann Georg Flora
Sibirica, sive Historia plantarum
Sibiriae
(St Petersburg 1747-1769).
].

P.S. Linnaeus wants to know if Bergius has John Hill’sHill, John (1716-1775).
British. Pharmacist, physician and
supervisor of the botanical gardens at
Kew. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
The Vegetable System [The Vegetable systemHill, John The Vegetable
system; or, a series of [... ]
observations tending to explain the
internal structure and the life of
plants, etc.
, 26 vol. (London,
1759-1775).
]. Louis Jean Marie Daubenton’sDaubenton, Louis Jean Marie
(1716-1800). French. Curator at Jardin
des plantes in Paris. Professor of
mineralogy. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
work on the birds [Daubenton assisted Jean-Louis Leclerc, comte de BuffonBuffon, Jean-Louis Leclerc, comte de
(1707-1788). French.
with his Histoire naturelleBuffon, Jean-Louis Leclerc, comte de
Histoire naturelle
générale et
particulière avec la description
du cabinet du roi
, 44 vol. (Paris,
1749-1804).
, vol. I, when the part where the birds were described was published, in 1770, Daubenton had already left the project] and the second volume of Jacob Christian Schaeffer’sSchaeffer, Jacob Christian
(1718-1790). German. Lutheran pastor
and superintendent, Regensburg.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
] Icones insectorumSchaeffer, Jacob Christian
Icones Insectorum circa Ratisbonam
indigenorum, coloribus naturam
referentibus expressae
, 3 vols.
(Regensburg, 1766-1779)
.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (KVA, Carl von Linnés arkiv). [1] [2] [3] [4]

upEDITIONS

1. Bref och skrifvelser (1909), vol. I:3, p. 152-154   p.152  p.153  p.154.