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Link: • Pieter Boddaert to Carl Linnaeus, 15 March 1771 n.s.
Dated idibus Martii 1771. Sent from Utrecht (Netherlands) to Uppsala (Sweden). Written in Latin.


Pieter Boddaert’sBoddaert, Pieter (1730?-?).
Dutch. Naturalist and physician. Friend
of Albert Schlosser, whose cabinet of
natural history objects he described.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
admits that he should have answered Linnaeus’s latest letter [this letter has not come down to us] long ago, but he apologises and says that he has had much to do. He hopes that Linnaeus has received his latest letter [the last known letter from Boddaert before this one was from 16 November 1769Letter L4294], but he has heard nothing from Linnaeus so he is afraid the letter has been lost. There is not much new to report from Utrecht. Any new items arriving from abroad go to the Dutch East India Company [Vereenigde Oostindische CompagnieVereenigde Oostindische Compagnie,
Dutch. The Dutch East India
Company was established in 1602.
] or into the collections of the prince [Willem V van Oranje-NassauWillem V van Oranje-Nassau,
(1748-1806). Dutch. Governor of the
Netherlands. Son of Willem IV.
], and it is difficult or expensive to get anything. When the sailing season opens again, Boddaert will send Linnaeus several publications, of which he mentions his description of Chaetodontis Argi and of testudines cartilaginei [Boddaert refers to his Epistola ad [... ]: Johannem Burmannum [...] de Chaetodonte argoBoddaert, Pieter Epistola ad
[... ]: Johannem Burmannum [...] de
Chaetodonte argo / descripto atque
accuratissima icone illustrat ex museo
[...] Johannis Alberti Schlossseri

(Amsterdam, 1770).
and Epistola ad virum amplissimum W. Roëll de testudine cartilagineaBoddaert, Pieter Epistola ad
virum amplissimum W. Roëll de
testudine cartilaginea, descripta atque
accuratissima icone illustrata ex museo
viri celeberrimi Johannis Alberti
(Amsterdam, 1770).
]; he also mentions Johannes Eusebius Voet’sVoet, Johannes Eusebius
(?-1778). Dutch. Zoologist.
Coleoptera [Catalogus systematicus ColeopterorumVoet, Johannes Eusebius
Catalogus systematicus
(Den Haag, 1766).
] and the fifth and sixth fascicle of Spicilegia [Boddaert refers to his translation of Peter Simon Pallas’sPallas, Peter Simon
(1741-1811). German. Naturalist and
explorer. Pallas studied at the
universities of Göttingen and
Leiden. In 1768 he was called to Russia
to take part in an expedition to
Siberia, the aim of which was to study
the passage of Venus. Pallas remained in
Russia for the greater part of his life.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
Spicilegia zoologicaPallas, Peter Simon
Spicilegia zoologica quibus novae
imprimis et obscurae animalium species :
iconibus, descriptionibus atque
commentariis illustrantur
, Dierkundig mengelwerkPallas, Peter Simon & Pieter
Dierkundig mengelwerk :
in het welke de nieuwe of nog duistere
zoorten van dieren door naauwkeurige
afbeeldingen, beschryvingen en
verhandelingen opgehelderd worden : in
het latyn beschreeven / door den
Hooggel. Herr P.S. Pallas ; vertaald en
met aanmerkingen voorzien door P.
(Utrecht, 1768-1770).
]. Finally he mentions his own critical response of Philipp Ludwig Statius’sMüller, Philipp Ludwig Statius
(1725-1776). Dutch. Professor of
natural history, Erlangen.
Dubia coralliorum origini animali oppositaMüller, Philipp Ludwig Statius
Dubia coralliorum origini
animali opposita
(Erlangen, [1770]).
, entitled Brief [...] aan den schryver der bedenkingen over den dierlyken oorsprong der koraalgewassenBoddaert, Pieter Brief [...]
aan den schryver der bedenkingen over
den dierlyken oorsprong der
. They are in many cases continuations of what Boddaert had sent formerly. Boddaert is eager to obtain Linnaeus’s second Mantissa [Boddaert refers to Mantissa plantarum altera, 2nd ed.Linnaeus, Carl Mantissa
plantarum altera
(1766), 2nd ed.
(Stockholm 1771). Soulsby no. 312.
]. Boddaert sends three drawings of insects [fol. 92-94] and he explains them by the name of the animals and what the remarkable details are. They were drawn after specimens in a private collection, and the owner was very friendly when Boddaert told him that the drawings were to be sent to Linnaeus.

Boddaert gives reasons for considering a crocodile to be a species of its own. Laurens Theodor GronoviusGronovius, Laurens Theodor
(1730-1777). Dutch. Naturalist. Senator
of Leiden. Son of Johan Frederik
Gronovius. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
had described it as such, but Linnaeus had considered it a variant. Boddaert had included a picture of it in the Flemish version of Fredrik Hasselquist’sHasselquist, Fredrik
(1722-1752). Swedish. Physician and
naturalist, explorer. Studied under
Linnaeus and Lars Roberg 1741-1749. Went
to Egypt, Syria, Palestine, Cyprus,
Rhodes and the island of Chios. Died
near Smyrna. Son of Magnus and Helena
Maria Hasselquist, brother of Andreas
Hasselquist. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
work [Boddart refers to the Dutch translation of Iter Palaestinum eller resa til heliga landetHasselquist, Fredrik Iter
Palaestinum eller resa til heliga
(Stockholm 1757).
, Dr. Fred. Hasselquist’s Reize naar Palestina, of heet H. LandHasselquist, Fredrik Dr.
Fred. Hasselquist´s Reize naar
Palestina, of heet H. Land
1771). Soulsby no. 3584.
] that Boddaert had made and complemented with all sorts of comments and illustrations. That edition was now being printed, and if it is ready in time a copy will go with the other books mentioned above.

Boddaert gives some news from Belgium: Jacob LAdmiralL´Admiral, Jacob
(1700-1770). Dutch. Engraver and
illustrator of plants and insects.
has died, 75 years old. His collection of insects will be sold at auction. Peter Simon PallasPallas, Peter Simon
(1741-1811). German. Naturalist and
explorer. Pallas studied at the
universities of Göttingen and
Leiden. In 1768 he was called to Russia
to take part in an expedition to
Siberia, the aim of which was to study
the passage of Venus. Pallas remained in
Russia for the greater part of his life.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
has written to Nicolaas Laurens BurmanBurman, Nicolaas Laurens
(1734-1793). Dutch. Professor of
botany. Linnaeus’s pupil in Uppsala in
1760. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
and Eduard SandifortSandifort, Eduard (1742-1814).
Dutch. Professor of anatomy, Leiden.
that he has found much new in his Asian travels. His diaries from 1768 and 1769 are said to be published in St. Petersburg, but Boddaert has not received copies yet. The winter may have prevented that. Maarten HouttuynHouttuyn, Maarten (1720-1798).
Dutch. Physician and naturalist.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
has published comments opposing Linnaeus [Boddaert refers presumably to the publishing of Natuurlyke historieHouttuyn, Maarten Natuurlyke
historie oft uitvoerige beschryving der
Dieren, Planten en Mineraalen, volgens
het samenstel van [... ]Linnaeus
3 vol. (Amsterdam 1761-1785) . Soulsby
no. 73.
], and Boddaert would have preferred that he had presented his views in a more civil way. Boddaert has sometimes disagreed with Linnaeus and said so, but he has never wanted to question Linnaeus’s merits, which Houttuyn does. However, Boddaert has understood that Linnaeus does not care about such attacks. Boddaert is translating part 3 of Systema naturae, 12th editionLinnaeus, Carl Systema
, 12th edition (Stockholm
1766-1768). Soulsby no. 62.
[Boddaert refers to the third volume, ”Regnum Lapideum”, published in 1768] and publishes it piecemeal in a series from the Physical Society of Utrecht [Natuurkundig Gezelschap te UtrechtNatuurkundig Gezelschap te Utrecht,
Dutch. The Physical Society of
Utrecht was founded in 1777.
]. He will not publish it separately, especially as he has understood that Linnaeus has added much to it and is still doing so. Boddaert hopes that Linnaeus or his heirs will have a new edition published. Boddaert sends regards from friends in Utrecht such as Burman, Wilhelm RöellRoëll, Wilhelm
(1700-1775). Dutch. Professor of
anatomy at Amsterdam. Correspondent of
and others, and reports on the flowers grown from Linnaeus’s seeds. Boddaert also asks for more seeds. Boddaert wonders if Linnaeus has seen Dru Drury’sDrury, Dru (1725-1803).
British. Naturalist. Correspondent of
new work on insects [Boddaert refers to the Illustrations of natural historyDrury, Dru llustrations of
natural history. : Wherein are exhibited
upwards of two hundred and forty figures
of exotic insects, according to their
different genera [...] With a particular
description of each insect:
.] It has not reached Boddaert.

P.S. This letter of mixed contents will be sent the usual way, while Boddaert will use an agent, the apothecary Fredrik ZiervogelZiervogel, Fredrik (1727-1795).
Swedish. Pharmacist, keper of the
pharmacies, "Svanen" and
"Markattan", Stockholm.
for the books and other things.


a. original holograph (LS, II, 90-94). [1] [2] [3]


1. Bref och skrifvelser (1916), vol. II:1, p. 304-307   p.304  p.305  p.306  p.307.