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C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L4530 • Carl Linnaeus to Abraham Bäck, 23 August 1771 n.s.
Dated 1771 23 August.. Sent from Hammarby (Sweden) to Stockholm (Sweden). Written in Swedish.

Min utwalde H[err] Broder

Min K[iäre] Broder är nådig, som hugnar mig då och då med något nytt ifrån himmelen, där wåra öden skapas.

jag ligger uti obscuro; läser mäst 8 timar hwar dag för mine utlänningar, och wet ej mer än att det regnar.

Aldrig i min tid har landtmannen här å orten haft sådan olycka som i åhr. Hwetet slog felt i wåras. Rogen blef ganska tunn, men nu är han all grodd; Gud wet huru det går med kornet. Det kostar på se säden och födan för ögonen, och ej kunna få henne under tak.

    hwar af skall landtmannen nu hela åhret lefwa?
    hwar skall han få kiöpa sädesrog?
    hwad skall han taga till utlagor och skatt?
    hwar skola wij få wåra löner?
    ännu aldrig en dag utan Regn.

Höet har blefwit 1/3 dehl emot i fiohl.

jag har fått 2 tomer af actis petropolitanis, Gmelins resa öfwer Cossakernes land och Pallas resa öfwer Calmukiernes (Laxmans wäntas) alt med många figurer; alt med mine namn

Hofm[arschalk] De Geer war i söndags hos mig och gaf mig 2nesine nye tomer om Insecter.

Vale min söta H[err] Broder
C[arl] Linné

Hamarby 1771
23 August

Archiatren
Wälborne Herren
H[err] Abr[aham] Baeck
Stockholm

upSUMMARY

Linnaeus thanks Abraham BäckBäck, Abraham (1713-1795).
Swedish. Physician, president of the
Collegium Medicum, Stockholm. Close
friend of Linnaeus. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
for news.

Linnaeus lectures for eight hours every day for foreign pupils and knows only that it is raining.

This year, the farmers in Linnaeusís district have a very bad crop. The wheat failed in the spring, the rye grew thin and now it is full of sprouts, and the prospects for the barley are uncertain. It is bad to see the grain and be unable to harvest.

Linnaeus wonders what the farmers will live on all the year, and where they will get the money to buy seed and pay taxes which will provide the means to pay salaries to men like Linnaeus.

The hay harvest has given a third of what it was last year.

Linnaeus has received two volumes of Acta Petropolitana [Linnaeus means the Novi commentarii of the Imperial Academy of Sciences of St Petersburg, Imperatorskaja akademija naukImperatorskaja akademija nauk,
Imperial Academy of Sciences

Russian. Imperial Academy of Sciences of
St Petersburg, founded in 1725. Its
publications are Commentarii
Academiae Scientiarum Imperialis
Petropolitanae
, 1-14 (1726 -
1744/1746 [i.e. pub. 1728 - 1751]) and
Novi Commentarii Academiae
Scientiarum Imperialis
Petropolitanae
, 1-20 (1747/1748 -
1775 [i.e. pub. 1750 - 1776]).
], Samuel Gottlieb GmelinísGmelin, Samuel Gottlieb
(1745-1774). German. Professor of
botany at the Imperial Academy of
Sciences in St Petersburg. In 1764 he
travelled in Eastern Russia and the
provinces south of the Caspian sea. He
completed the Flora Sibirica
(1747-1769) of his uncle Johann Georg
Gmelin. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
report of his journey to the Cossacks [Linnaeus refers to the first volume of Reise durch RusslandGmelin, Samuel Gottlieb Reise
durch Russland zur Untersuchung der drey
Natur-Reiche [...] in den Jahren 1768[
... ][- bis im Frühling 1774.]
,
4 vols. (St Petersburg, [1770]-1784).
and Peter Simon PallasísPallas, Peter Simon
(1741-1811). German. Naturalist and
explorer. Pallas studied at the
universities of Göttingen and
Leiden. In 1768 he was called to Russia
to take part in an expedition to
Siberia, the aim of which was to study
the passage of Venus. Pallas remained in
Russia for the greater part of his life.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
report on his journey to the Kalmucks [Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des Russischen ReichsPallas, Peter Simon Reise
durch verschiedene Provinzen des
Russischen Reichs
, 3 vol. (St.
Petersburg, 1771-1776).
]. He expects to have Erik LaxmanísLaxman, Erik (1738-1796).
Swedish. Lutheran pastor at the
Kolyvanian mines and ironworks in
Siberia. Professor and councellor of the
Russian Board of Mines, St Peterburg.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
report. All these contain many pictures and give names after Linnaeusís system.

Last Sunday, Charles De GeerDe Geer, Charles (1720-1778).
Swedish. Entomologist and natural
history collector, Leufsta Bruk. Member
of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences
in Stockholm and Académie des
sciences, Paris. Corresponded with
Réaumur, Bonnet and other
naturalists. Husband of Catharina
Charlotta Ribbing and father of Emanuel
De Geer. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
visited Linnaeus and gave him his two new volumes about insects [Linnaeus refers to the Memoires pour servir a líhistoire des insectesDe Geer, Charles Memoires
pour servir a l'histoire des
insectes
, 8 vol. (Stockholm
1752-1778).
].

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original (KVA). [1] [2]

upEDITIONS

1. Bref och skrifvelser (1911), vol. I:5, p. 185   p.185.