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Link: • Carl Linnaeus to Johannes Burman, 8 December 1771 n.s.
Dated 1771 d. 8. Decembris. Sent from Uppsala (Sweden) to Amsterdam (Netherlands). Written in Latin.


Linnaeus is grateful for Johannes Burman’sBurman, Johannes (1707-1779).
Dutch. Botanist, professor of medicine
in Amsterdam. Close friend of Linnaeus.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
gifts that he had not received until now since they remained in Stockholm for quite a while. The Malabar and Amboina catalogues [Linnaeus refers to the Flora Malabarica:sive index in omnes tomos Horti MalabariciBurman, Johannes Flora
Malabarica: sive index in omnes tomos
Horti Malabarici, quem juxta normam a
botanicis hujus aevi receptam

(Amsterdam, 1769).
and the Index Burman, Johannes Index alter
in omnes tomos herbarii Amboinensis
(Amsterdam 1769).
] pleased him very much. He lists the plants he can add from his Mantissa plantarum altera, 2nd ed.Linnaeus, Carl Mantissa
plantarum altera
(1766), 2nd ed.
(Stockholm 1771). Soulsby no. 312.
that was published recently.

Linnaeus is grateful for the conchylia. They are all more beautiful than his own.

They could not have chosen a more capable person than his apostle Carl Peter ThunbergThunberg, Carl Peter
(1743-1828). Swedish. Botanist,
physician, explorer. Professor of
medicine and botany at Uppsala. Studied
medicine under Linnaeus in Uppsala,
medicine and surgery in Paris, natural
history under Johannes Burman in
Amsterdam. Travelled in South Africa in
1772-1775, in Japan 1775-1776, Java and
Ceylon in 1777-1778. Correspondent of
. He is careful, acute, humble and an ardent student. If he lives he will undoubtedly achieve much for natural history. If he reaches Japan he will be the first botanist there. Gmelin the younger [Samuel Gottlieb GmelinGmelin, Samuel Gottlieb
(1745-1774). German. Professor of
botany at the Imperial Academy of
Sciences in St Petersburg. In 1764 he
travelled in Eastern Russia and the
provinces south of the Caspian sea. He
completed the Flora Sibirica
(1747-1769) of his uncle Johann Georg
Gmelin. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
] is now in Persia, also an almost unknown country, and he discovers much. José Celestino MútisMútis, José Celestino
(1732-1808). Spanish. Botanist.
Went to South America in 1760 and lived
in Bogotá, which due to him
became an important centre of learning.
His comprehensive herbarium, manuscripts
and numerous watercolour botanical
illustrations were sent to Spain after
his death. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
is ardently collecting plants in Mexico. Johan Gerhard KönigKönig, Johan Gerhard
(1728-1785). Danish. Physician, born in
Polish Livonia. Private pupil of
Linnaeus in 1757. Visited Iceland. Went
to Tranquebar in India, to Thailand and
Ceylon. He died on his way to Tibet.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
has discovered a lot in Tranquebar. What Daniel SolanderSolander, Daniel (1733-1782).
Swedish. Naturalist, explorer. Student
in Uppsala under Linnaeus and Johan
Gottschalk Wallerius. Went to London in
1760. Curator of natural history
collections at the British Museum.
Botanist on Cook’s first voyage
1768-1771. Joseph Bank’s librarian.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
found in the south is not known yet but it is much. Christian Friis RottböllRottböll, Christian Friis
(1727-1797). Danish. Botanist and
physician. Professor of medicine at
Copenhagen. Linnaeus’s student.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
publishes Daniel Rolander’sRolander, Daniel (1725-1793).
Swedish. Naturalist and explorer.
Studied at Uppsala University under
Linnaeus. Went to Surinam in 1755-1756.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
finds from Surinam. Pehr Forskål’sForsskål, Peter
(1732-1763). Swedish. Naturalist and
explorer. Linnaeus’s student, professor
in Denmark in 1759. Joined a Danish
expedition to Egypt and Arabia in 1761.
Died at Jerîm, Arabia.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
material will be sent to the printers. Johan Peter FalckFalck, Johan Peter (1732-1774).
Swedish. Professor of botany and
curator of the botanical garden of St
Petersburg. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
is in the remotest parts of Russia. There has never been more botanical activity.

Linnaeus has received many live plants from English friends, Liriodendron, Magnolia etc., and some that he never possessed earlier like Hydrangia, Clethra and Itea.


a. original holograph (KVA, Carl von Linnés arkiv, 2701-2704). [1] [2] [3] [4]


1. Epistolae ineditae Caroli Linnaei (1830), p. 137-138 .
2. Bref och skrifvelser (1943), vol. II:2, p. 196-198   p.196  p.197  p.198.