Documentation

Letters

-Search for letters
-Search in texts

Manuscripts

Editions

Links

Contact

C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L4590 • Carl Linnaeus to Johannes Burman, 8 December 1771 n.s.
Dated 1771 d. 8. Decembris. Sent from Uppsala (Sweden) to Amsterdam (Netherlands). Written in Latin.

Celeberrimis Burmannis,
Patri & filio Clarissimis,
S[alutem] pl[urimam] d[icit]
Car[olus] Linné.

Accepi demum, quae diutius Holmiae commorata fuere, dona Vestra gratissima, pro quibus grates reddo devotissimas.

Perplacuere Catalogi tam Malabaricus quam Amboinensis, ex quibus primo intuitu licet colligere, num planta quaestionis sit determinata necne.

Quae in Mantissa altera (quae nuper prodiit) addere potui, erant sequentes paucissimae:

Globba sylvestris Rumph. VI. t. 12, 13. Globba nutans 170.
Globba uviformis Rumph. 6. t. 69. f. 2. Globba uviformis 171.
Tsianga puspam Rheed. 9. t. 57. Gratiola rotundifolia 174.
Enepael. Rheed. Mal. 9. t. 81. Rotala verticillaris 175.
Avenacu Rheed. Mal. 12. t. 36. Scirpus sq[u]arrosus 181.
Kerpa Rheed. Mal. 12. t. 46. Saccharum spontaneum 183.
Xylophyllos ceramica Rumph. 7. t. 12. Xylophylla longifolia 221.
Olus palustre Rumph. 6. t. 75. f. 1. Pontederia vaginalis 222.
Carimbola Rheed XI. t. 91. f. 4. Pontederia vaginalis 222.
Parya Kelanga Rheed XI. t. 15. Saururus natans 227.
Cortex caryophylloides Rumph. 2. t. 14. Laurus culilaban 732.
Peru Rheed. Mal. 8 t. 41. Dolichos Caitang 269.
Phaseolus minor Rumph. 5 t. 139. Dolichos Caitang 269.
Carim Tumba Rheed — Nepeta malabarica 566.

Conchylia, quae gratiosissime missa fuere triplici gaudebant numeratione. Nescio, quam ex hisce adjecit D[ominus] Thunberg. Omnia erant in sua specie pulcherrima et nitidissima et meis plerumque pulchriora. Grates etiam pro his reddo devotissimas.

Numquam certe eligere potuissetis praestantiorem Apostolum quam D[ominum] Thunberg, qui certe est diligens, acutus, submissus et in studium ardentissimus. Si vivat, certe multa praestabit pro tota Historia naturali, et ab eo habebitis etiam immortalem nominis gloriam. Si ille poterit adire Japoniam, calcabit terram a nullo Botanico antea visam. Junior Gmelinus nunc in Persia haeret, simi[li]ter fere antea ignota, et detegit multa.

Mutis ardenter colligit plantas in Mexico.

Koenig detexit quam plurima in Tranquebaria.

Quae Solander detexit in australi orbis parte nondum nota sunt; erint tamen multa.

Fris edit Rolandri Surinamensia diu relicta.

Forskåhleana ad Typum jam parantur.

Falk plantarum caussa haeret in remotissimis Regni Ruthenici adeoque nullo tempore ardentiori studio Botanici in promovendo Rem herbariam intenti fuere.

Accepi ab Amicis Angliae plures vivas plantas: Liriodendron, Magnoliam, Gardeniam, utramque Kalmiam et plures alias rarissimas plantas, quibus in senio meo delector, sed numquam obtinere potui Hydrangeam, Clethram, Iteam.

Valete et favete!

Upsaliae 1771 d[ie] 8 Decembris.

1. Conus marmoreus I. Voluta Oliva
2. Conus litteratusII. Cypraea Isabella
3. Conus striatus III. Turbo Uva
4. Voluta hebraea IV.Voluta oliva e propria regione
5. Murex MorioV. Turbo duplicatus
6. Bulla Ovum VI. Turbo Clathrus
7. Cypraea Tigris VII. Voluta Persicula
8. Buccinum Harpa VIII. Cypraea helvola
9. Cypraea arabica IX. Nerita cornea?
10. Cypraea vitellus & lurida X. Helix ampullaceaparva
11. Murex Melongena XI. Nerita Canrena junior
12. Cypraea Talpa XII. Nerita Mamilla
13. Buccinum glaucum XIII. Helix lucorum
14. Buccinum Areola XIV. Trochus muricatus
15. Buccinum Perdix XV. Voluta rustica
16. Cypraea Tigris XVI. Helix ungulina?
17. Buccinum Erinacea XVII. Pholas crispa
18. Buccinum Pomum XVIII. Donax Trunculus
19. Murex Tribulus & BrandarisXIX. Turbo muricatus
20. Buccinum subulatum A. Ostrea maxima
21. Murex Trunculus B. Chama Gaederopus
22. Buccinum Arcularia C. Mytilus angulatus
23. Voluta Oliva D. Pinna rudis
24. Turbo argyrostomus E. Mytilus Hirundo
25. Buccinum papillosum F.
26. Murex ramosus G. Tellina laevigata
27. Buccinum Perdix:junior H. Tellina radiata
28. Bulla ampulla I.
29. Bulla Terebellum K. Solen ensis

Viro Clarissimo
D[omino] D[octori] Johanni Burmanno
Botanices Professori Celeberrimo
Amsterdam

upSUMMARY

Linnaeus is grateful for Johannes Burman’sBurman, Johannes (1707-1779).
Dutch. Botanist, professor of medicine
in Amsterdam. Close friend of Linnaeus.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
gifts that he had not received until now since they remained in Stockholm for quite a while. The Malabar and Amboina catalogues [Linnaeus refers to the Flora Malabarica:sive index in omnes tomos Horti MalabariciBurman, Johannes Flora
Malabarica: sive index in omnes tomos
Horti Malabarici, quem juxta normam a
botanicis hujus aevi receptam

(Amsterdam, 1769).
and the Index Burman, Johannes Index alter
in omnes tomos herbarii Amboinensis
[...]
(Amsterdam 1769).
] pleased him very much. He lists the plants he can add from his Mantissa plantarum altera, 2nd ed.Linnaeus, Carl Mantissa
plantarum altera
(1766), 2nd ed.
(Stockholm 1771). Soulsby no. 312.
that was published recently.

Linnaeus is grateful for the conchylia. They are all more beautiful than his own.

They could not have chosen a more capable person than his apostle Carl Peter ThunbergThunberg, Carl Peter
(1743-1828). Swedish. Botanist,
physician, explorer. Professor of
medicine and botany at Uppsala. Studied
medicine under Linnaeus in Uppsala,
medicine and surgery in Paris, natural
history under Johannes Burman in
Amsterdam. Travelled in South Africa in
1772-1775, in Japan 1775-1776, Java and
Ceylon in 1777-1778. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
. He is careful, acute, humble and an ardent student. If he lives he will undoubtedly achieve much for natural history. If he reaches Japan he will be the first botanist there. Gmelin the younger [Samuel Gottlieb GmelinGmelin, Samuel Gottlieb
(1745-1774). German. Professor of
botany at the Imperial Academy of
Sciences in St Petersburg. In 1764 he
travelled in Eastern Russia and the
provinces south of the Caspian sea. He
completed the Flora Sibirica
(1747-1769) of his uncle Johann Georg
Gmelin. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
] is now in Persia, also an almost unknown country, and he discovers much. José Celestino MútisMútis, José Celestino
(1732-1808). Spanish. Botanist.
Went to South America in 1760 and lived
in Bogotá, which due to him
became an important centre of learning.
His comprehensive herbarium, manuscripts
and numerous watercolour botanical
illustrations were sent to Spain after
his death. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
is ardently collecting plants in Mexico. Johan Gerhard KönigKönig, Johan Gerhard
(1728-1785). Danish. Physician, born in
Polish Livonia. Private pupil of
Linnaeus in 1757. Visited Iceland. Went
to Tranquebar in India, to Thailand and
Ceylon. He died on his way to Tibet.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
has discovered a lot in Tranquebar. What Daniel SolanderSolander, Daniel (1733-1782).
Swedish. Naturalist, explorer. Student
in Uppsala under Linnaeus and Johan
Gottschalk Wallerius. Went to London in
1760. Curator of natural history
collections at the British Museum.
Botanist on Cook’s first voyage
1768-1771. Joseph Bank’s librarian.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
found in the south is not known yet but it is much. Christian Friis RottböllRottböll, Christian Friis
(1727-1797). Danish. Botanist and
physician. Professor of medicine at
Copenhagen. Linnaeus’s student.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
publishes Daniel Rolander’sRolander, Daniel (1725-1793).
Swedish. Naturalist and explorer.
Studied at Uppsala University under
Linnaeus. Went to Surinam in 1755-1756.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
finds from Surinam. Pehr Forskål’sForsskål, Peter
(1732-1763). Swedish. Naturalist and
explorer. Linnaeus’s student, professor
in Denmark in 1759. Joined a Danish
expedition to Egypt and Arabia in 1761.
Died at Jerîm, Arabia.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
material will be sent to the printers. Johan Peter FalckFalck, Johan Peter (1732-1774).
Swedish. Professor of botany and
curator of the botanical garden of St
Petersburg. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
is in the remotest parts of Russia. There has never been more botanical activity.

Linnaeus has received many live plants from English friends, Liriodendron, Magnolia etc., and some that he never possessed earlier like Hydrangia, Clethra and Itea.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (KVA, Carl von Linnés arkiv, 2701-2704). [1] [2] [3] [4]

upEDITIONS

1. Epistolae ineditae Caroli Linnaei (1830), p. 137-138 .
2. Bref och skrifvelser (1943), vol. II:2, p. 196-198   p.196  p.197  p.198.