Nicolaus Joseph von JacquinJacquin, Nicolaus Joseph, baron von
(1727-1817). Dutch. Botanist. In
1755 at the order of emperor Franz I of
Austria he went to the Antilles and
South America. In 1763 he became
professor of mineralogy and chemistry at
Chemnitz, later professor of botany at
Vienna and director of the botanical
garden at Schönbrunn. Correspondent
of Linnaeus. has received two letters (March-April 1772Letter L4673 and June 1764Letter L4694) but has not had time to answer. He already knew Tulbagia from Mantissa plantarum altera, 2nd editionLinnaeus, Carl Mantissa
plantarum altera (1766), 2nd ed.
(Stockholm 1771). Soulsby no. 312. , which he had managed to acquire.
Jacquin comments further on Solanum, which he considers a hybrid, and Seseli pumilum.
The Vienna “dispensatorium” (a special garden for medical and /or more economically important plants) had been discontinued after Gerhard van Swieten’sSwieten, Gerhard van
(1700-1772). Dutch. Pupil of Boerhaave.
Called by Maria Theresa to Vienna, where
he organised the public health system.
Correspondent of Linnaeus. death. If it is reestablished, Jacquin will send information.
Jacquin comments on a Cytisus depicted in Hortus botanicus VindobonensisJacquin, Nicolaus Joseph, baron von
Hortus botanicus Vindobonensis :
seu plantarum rariorum quae in horto
botanico Vindobonensi coluntur icones
coloratae et succinctae
descriptiones, I-III (Vienna
1770-1776). . It is very like Cytisus Cajan but not quite so, and he wants to make it a new species. He forwards a dried specimen.
Jacquin has got seeds from the island Borbonia in the West Indies, which produced a tree unknown to him. He sends a little twig to Linnaeus and wants to know what Linnaeus thinks.
Jacquin remarks on a Cheiranthus, which was known to Charles de LecluseLecluse, Charles de
(1525-1609). French. Botanist, director
of the imperial gardens in Vienna,
professor at Leiden. . However, pictures found with Albrecht von HallerHaller, Albrecht von
(1708-1777). Swiss. Naturalist and
poet, professor of medicine, botany,
anatomy and surgery at Göttingen
1736-1753. Correspondent of Linnaeus. and Carlo AllioniAllioni, Carlo (1725-1804).
Italian. Professor of botany, Turin.
Correspondent of Linnaeus. do not seem to agree. What is it really?
Jacquin had sent Linnaeus a plate of Sinapis brassicata but he is not sure of its name since there are important differences.