Nicolaus Joseph von JacquinJacquin, Nicolaus Joseph, baron von
(1727-1817). Dutch. Botanist. In
1755 at the order of emperor Franz I of
Austria he went to the Antilles and
South America. In 1763 he became
professor of mineralogy and chemistry at
Chemnitz, later professor of botany at
Vienna and director of the botanical
garden at Schönbrunn. Correspondent
of Linnaeus. sends some plates and makes comments, among which are the following:
Gnaphalium Leontopodium had been very carefully examined by Jacquin, who had found all flowers quite alike. It seems that Antonio ScopoliScopoli, Giovanni Antonio
(1723-1788). Italian. Physician and
naturalist. Correspondent of Linnaeus. had some other information on this plant, especially on different types of flowers. Jacquin also comments on the layout and arrangement of the plate.
The Silene is a new species, Silene alpestris.
A Hieracium, not published, is very common in the Alps. Jacquin describes it in outline and has an alternative attribution.
The deceased C. Rijk Tulbagh’sTulbagh, C. Rijk (1699-1771).
Dutch. Governor at the Cape in 1751. He
sent plants, bulbs and seeds to Linnaeus
in 1761. Correspondent of Linnaeus. gardener had by chance visited Vienna on his way to relatives in Hungary and brought bulbs from the Cape of Good Hope. Jacquin had bought them and started to plant them, and they are beginning to germinate. The gardener did not know any names. Jacquin sends a small specimen to Linnaeus of a plant that behaved strangely. He asks if Linnaeus can help him with the attribution, name etc., if Linnaeus had seen it before.
Jacquin wonders if the tea bush is still alive in Uppsala.
Jacquin asks for information on the botanists José Celestino MútisMútis, José Celestino
(1732-1808). Spanish. Botanist.
Went to South America in 1760 and lived
in Bogotá, which due to him
became an important centre of learning.
His comprehensive herbarium, manuscripts
and numerous watercolour botanical
illustrations were sent to Spain after
his death. Correspondent of Linnaeus. and Frédéric AllamandAllamand,
(1736-1803). Swiss. Botanist, doctor of
medicine. Correspondent of Linnaeus. whom Linnaeus mentions in Mantissa plantarum altera, 2nd editionLinnaeus, Carl Mantissa
plantarum altera (1766), 2nd ed.
(Stockholm 1771). Soulsby no. 312. .
Jacquin asks Linnaeus not to forget to ask the Queen, Lovisa UlrikaLovisa Ulrika, (1720-1782).
Swedish. Queen of Sweden 1751-1771.
Married to Adolf Fredrik. Mother of
Gustav III. Sister of Fredric II of
Prussia. Correspondent of Linnaeus. if she wants to acquire one of the special copies of the work on the Vienna botanical garden ((Jacquin refers to the Botanical Garden of the University of Vienna, founded in 1754, and Hortus botanicus VindobonensisJacquin, Nicolaus Joseph, baron von
Hortus botanicus Vindobonensis :
seu plantarum rariorum quae in horto
botanico Vindobonensi coluntur icones
coloratae et succinctae
descriptiones, I-III (Vienna
Jacquin encloses specimens of Artemisia and Justicia, which Jacquin thinks are new species. He can send seeds of Justicia, which grows in a warm room.