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C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L4777 • Carl Linnaeus to Johann Reinhold Forster, 1772 n.s.
Dated . Sent from Uppsala (Sweden) to ? (). Written in Latin.

Viro Incomparabili
D[omino] D[octori] JOAN[NI] REIN[HOLDO] FORSTERO,
Amico suo candidissimo,
S[alutem] pl[urimam] d[icit]
Car[olus] a Linné

Ante duos dies habui et litteras Tuas d[iei] XVIII Junii[1] et dona Tua plus quam aurea.

Accepi e novellis, confirmatus propriis Tuis literis, Te a RegeGeorge III, (1738-1820).
British. Reigned 1760-1820. Son of
George II.
Anglorum selectum esse ad iter instituendum ad polum antarcticum terrasque incognitas australes nec potuit umquam seligere praestantiorem.[2] Quod vero Tu ipse maturae aetatis Vir relicta uxore et familia cum filio charissimo ausus sis amore scientiae motus suscipere tam periculosum iter demonstrat heroicum animum, quod certat cum summis belli heroibus. Ego cum omnibus, qui amant Divina opera et qui vere Deum colunt, quotidie fundamus preces ad omnipotentem pro Tua salute et ut ducat et reducat Te salvum sospitemque, qui ubique regnat et imperat. Unicum, quod mihi exoptem, esset, quod viverem eo die, quo Te reddat D[eus] T[er] O[ptimus] Angliae, ut et delectar Tuis gazis et spoliis.

Numquam, sancte testor, novi Virum Te magis ingenuum et liberalem magisque scientiis natum candidioremve, qui ad me mittis non tantum collectionem Tuam Insectorum rarissimorum Americanorumve sed et proprias Tuas descriptiones ineditas! Obstupui profecto! Numquam audivi similem liberalitatem. Si abutar Tua amicitia, hanc epistolam mihi objicias, ut sim per secula ingratissimus.

Accepi etiam cum Tuis Conchilia D[omini] TunstalTunstall, Marmaduke
(1743-1790). British. Ornithologist.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, quae Tuae apud eum intercessioni debeo. Quae vero D[omini] BanksBanks, Joseph (1743-1820).
British. Naturalist, president of the
Royal Society. Together with Daniel
Solander he took part in Cook’s first
voyage. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
et SolanderSolander, Daniel (1733-1782).
Swedish. Naturalist, explorer. Student
in Uppsala under Linnaeus and Johan
Gottschalk Wallerius. Went to London in
1760. Curator of natural history
collections at the British Museum.
Botanist on Cook’s first voyage
1768-1771. Joseph Bank’s librarian.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
ipsi obtulere conchilia uti lecta versus polum antarcticum mere sunt conchylia lecta in mari mediterraneo et proximis locis.[3] Isti invidi certe, sed uxerunt[a][a] : [read] usserunt Virum, ut alio tempore, dum salvus redieris, ipse testari poteris. Inter ea vero erat unicus novus Trochus; reliqua conchilia erant nota.

Miror Solandrum, quem ipse educavi, docui uti filium, commendavi apud amicos Anglos, procuravi (si assumere alias voluisset) Professionem Petropolitanam,[b][b] : MS1 <Anglicanam>
Petropolitanam
etc.[4] etc., non literis, non precibus meis motus, potuisse eo adigi, ut daret mihi unicam siccam plantam ex orbe antarctico.

Anima Tua candidissima mihi plura promittit quam umquam sperarem aut exoptarem a fratre aut patre. Te itaque cogitem, Te somniam die nocteque, si vixero, usque dum redieris. In Te vertam omnium Botanicorum oculos et mentes. Exspectarunt D[omini] Solandri reditum frustra. Te debent exspectare omnes, qui scientiam naturae colunt et in pretio habent.

Si haec epistola Te attigerit, antequam relinquas Cap[ut] b[onae] spei et posses videre specimina plantae dictae Chrysitrix [sic] Mantiss[ae] alterae,[5] quaeso, videas, num haec vere ad Dioeciam spectet, ut et qualis tota ejus fructificatio viva sit. Planta accurata refert sisyrrhinchium. Folia ensiformia angusta ex angulo (non calex) ut in sisyrrhinchiis infra apicem prodit fasciculus aristarum cum pistillo.

Arctopi genuina structura fructificationis mereatur in viva examinari.

Si umquam poteris e peregrino orbe litteras mittere ad Dominam conjugem Tuam,Forster, Justina Elisabeth Nicolai
(17?-17?). German. The wife of
Johann Reinhold Forster.
oro quaesoque ab ea, impetres, quod me de Tua salute certiorem facit, qui proximus ab ea in sinu de incolumitate gavisus ero.

In cap[ite] b[onae] spei forte reperias discipulum meum nuper med[icinae] Doctorem creatum D[ominum] ThunbergThunberg, Carl Peter
(1743-1828). Swedish. Botanist,
physician, explorer. Professor of
medicine and botany at Uppsala. Studied
medicine under Linnaeus in Uppsala,
medicine and surgery in Paris, natural
history under Johannes Burman in
Amsterdam. Travelled in South Africa in
1772-1775, in Japan 1775-1776, Java and
Ceylon in 1777-1778. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
; est egregius collector Insectorum et plantarum.

upSUMMARY

Two days earlier Linnaeus had received Johann Reinhold Forster’s letter of 18 June 1772 n.s. He was happy to read that the English King has chosen Forster to go to the Antarctic and the unknown southern countries. Linnaeus considers Forster a true hero. Linnaeus hopes to live to see Forster return to England.

Linnaeus praises Forster’s generosity to send him his collection of rare American insects and their descriptions, which have not yet been published. Linnaeus has received Marmaduke Tunstall’s conchylia. The ones Joseph Banks and Daniel Solander claim to have been collected in the Antarctic in reality come from the Mediterranean area. Banks and Solander are envious men. In Tunstall’s collection there was only one new Trochus.

Linnaeus is surprised at Solander’s ingratitude. Linnaeus raised him as a son, commended him to his English friends, got him a position at St Petersburg, but he has not sent him one single dried plant from the Antarctic.

Linnaeus asks Forster to inquire whether Chrysitrix in Linnaeus’s Mantissa altera plantarum really belongs to Dioecia.

The true structure of the fructification of the Arctopus needs to be examined in a live plant.

Linnaeus asks Forster to ask Mrs Forster to keep Linnaeus informed.

At the Cape of Good Hope, Forster might meet Carl Peter Thunberg, who has recently become a doctor of medicine; he is an excellent collector of insects and plants.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (UUB, G152a). [1] [2] [3] [4]

upEDITIONS

1. Der Teutsche Merkur (1774), vol. 2, p. 261-264 .

upTEXTUAL NOTES

a.
[read] usserunt
b.
MS1 <Anglicanam> Petropolitanam

upEXPLANATORY NOTES

1.
See Forster’s letter to Linnaeus dated 18 June 1772 n.s.Letter L4684.
2.
Johann Reinhold Forster accompanied Captain James CookCook, James (1728-1779).
British. Explorer, navigator and
cartographer.
on his Second Voyage in 1772-1775.
3.
Daniel Solander and Joseph Banks took part in Cook’s first Voyage in 1768-1771.
4.
In 1762 Linnaeus obtained for Solander the offer of the professorship at St Petersburg. He also invited him to succeed him in due course at Uppsala.
5.