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Link: • Andreas Berlin to Carl Linnaeus, 15 April 1773 n.s.
Dated 15 April 1773. Sent from ? () to ? (). Written in Swedish.


After two months at see Andreas BerlinBerlin, Andreas (1746-1773).
Swedish. Botanist. Linnaeusís student
1765-1766. Secretary of Joseph Banks
1770-1773. Died in Delos, Guinea.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
arrived at Bance Island in April. The voyage was uneventful. Berlin is unsatisfied as he did not get permisson to visit the Canary Islands. Not a single bird or fish were caught. Berlin saw a dead whale of considerable size, Trigla volitans, and a few tropical, aquatic birds. He is amazed and impressed by all natureís wonders.

After a brief stay, Berlin proceeded to Bananas, where he met with Henry SmeathmanSmeathman, Henry (1750-1787).
British. Businessman and naturalist.
Travelled to the Banana Islands off the
coast of Sierra Leone, where he
collected plants for Joseph Banks.
and the artist. Within 15 minutes on his first excursion, Berlin found three new specimens. Berlin plans with Smeathmanís permission to send Linnaeus a collection of insects. As he does not have the help and assistence from the Linnaean guides from 1764 and 1766 [Genera plantarum [...] editio sextaLinnaeus, Carl Genera
plantarum [...] editio sexta ab auctore
reformata et aucta
(Stockholm 1764).
Soulsby no. 305.
and i>Systema naturae, 12th edition Linnaeus, Carl Systema
, 12th edition (Stockholm
1766-1768). Soulsby no. 62.
], his companion has persuaded him to ask Linnaeus if he would lend him the necessary books. In return, Linnaeus shall have at least one specimen of everything they find. If Linnaeus could imagine what Berlin felt when he, at his arrival, realized the lack of certain important literature. John FothergillFothergill, John (1712-1780).
British. Physician and collector of
natural history objects. Studied in
Holland, France and Germany. His cabinet
of zoological and mineralogical
specimens as well as his botanical
garden at Upton were well known.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
assured him that the books by Engelbert KämpferKämpfer, Engelbert
(1651-1716). German. Physician,
botanist and explorer. Travelled in
Asia. Known for his works on Japan and
Japanese natural history.
, [presumably The History of JapanKämpfer, Engelbert The
History of Japan, giving an account of
the ancient and present state and
government of that empire; of its
temples, palaces, castles and other
buildings; of its metals, minerals,
trees, plants, animals, birds and
fishes; of the chronology and succession
of the emperors, ecclesiastical and
secular; of the original descent,
religions, customs, and manufactures of
the natives, and of their trade and
commerce with the Dutch and Chinese.
Together with a description of the
kingdom of Siam. Written in High-Dutch
by Engelbertus Kaemfer [...] and
translated from his original manuscript,
never before printed, by J. G.
Scheuchzer [...] With the life of the
author, and an introduction
, I-II
(London 1727).
], Georg Eberhard RumpfRumpf, Georg Eberhard
(1628-1702). Dutch. Naturalist and
merchant in the service of the Dutch
East India Company. Governor of the
Dutch colony Ambon. He published two
works on the flora of the isle of Ambon.
[Herbarium Amboinense{bib-Rumpf_1741] and Albert SebaSeba, Albert (1665-1736).
Dutch. Pharmacist and collector of
natural history specimens, Amsterdam.
[Locupletissimi rerum naturalium thesauri accurata descripioSeba, Albert Locupletissimi
rerum naturalium thesauri accurata
descriptio, et iconibus
artificiosissimis expressio, per
universam physices historiam. Opus, cui,
in hoc rerum genere, nullum par
exstitit. Ex toto terrarum orbe
collegit, digessit, descripsit, et
depingendum curavit Albertus Seba
I-IV (Amsterdam 1734-1765).
], were sent there, but the only books Berlin could find were Michel AdansonísAdanson, Michel (1727-1806).
French. Botanist. Travelled in Senegal.
An opponent of Linnaeus. Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
[unclear which work, presumably, Familles des plantesAdanson, Michel Familles des
, 2 vol. (Paris, 1763).
] and John EllisísEllis, John (1711-1776).
British. Merchant and naturalist, expert
on zoophytes. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
[unclear which work, presumably, An essay towards a natural history of the corallinesEllis, John An essay towards
a natural history of the corallines, and
other marine productions of the like
kind, commonly found on the coasts of
Great Britain and Ireland. To which is
added the description of a large marine
polype taken near the North Pole, by the
Whale-fishers, in the summer 1753

(London 1755).
]. Berlin is now afraid that he might not be able to fulfill his duty. Therefore, he desperately begs of Linnaeus to send him the latest editon of the Systema natrurae [see above] and the latest of the Genera plantarum.

PS. When Berlin left London he was not too happy with his salary. A new agreement, with Smeathman, however, has made him satisfied.

PS. Berlin has sent Linnaeus a description of two new Heptandrists. He also wants to know if there is a new pentandrist in the 2nd Mantissa [Mantissa plantarum altera, 2nd ed. Linnaeus, Carl Mantissa
plantarum altera
(1766), 2nd ed.
(Stockholm 1771). Soulsby no. 312.
]. He further wants to have Linnaeusís opinion about the enclosed specimen.


a. (LS, I, 548-549). [1] [2] [3]


1. Bref och skrifvelser (1909), vol. I:3, p. 169-172   p.169  p.170  p.171  p.172.