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Link: • John Hope to Carl Linnaeus, 24 May 1773 n.s.
Dated D. 24. Maij 1773.. Sent from Edinburgh (Great Britain) to Uppsala (Sweden). Written in Latin.

Carolo von Linné,
Eq[uiti] Aur[ato],
Botanicorum Principi,

S[alutem] plur[imam]
dat J[oannes] Hope.

Quoniam, Vir Optime, nunc occupatus es in alteram Materiae Medicae editionem edendo, haud tibi ingratum fore spero, quod quaedam de Terra Japonica communicarem.

Pro succu inspissato fructus Arecae catechu habita fuit, sed ex epistolis a Dom[ino] Kerr, chirurgo perito, patriae degente nuper acceptis apparet esse extractum e Ligni parte interiore cuiusdam arboris generis Mimosae.

Descriptionem arboris dedit quam inclusam habes. Specimina sicca et figuram bonam transmisit.

Haecce species nondum in Systema tuum vel Mantissam recepta est. Ob spinas stipulaces gemina forte locum habet prope M. conriger, nisi foliorum structura prope tenuifolium point, cui quoque accedere videtur.

D[ominus] Gahn, omnibus hic loci carus, sui desiderium relinquit, secum habet semina quaedam tibi et tuo horto dicata.

Nos ardentissime optamus quod postquam illustriss[imi] Bankes et Solander suas plantas ediderunt, nova Syst[ematis] Natur[ae] orbem Literatum bearis.

Faxit D[eus] O[ptimus] M[aximus] quod sanitas et vita jucunda tibi diu perstiterint.

D[ie] 24 Maji

A Mons[ieu]r
Le Chevalier von Linné


John HopeHope, John (1725-1786).
British. Doctor of medicine, professor
of botany, Edinburgh. Correspondent of
wants to tell Linnaeus some news from Japan, since he knows that Linnaeus is preparing a new edition of Materia Medica [there was no more, by Linnaeus himself authorized edition, published after 1772, Materia medica 2nd ed.Linnaeus, Carl Materia medica
per regna tria naturae secundum genera
differentias synonyma loca durationes
culturas nomina simplicia praeparata
. 2nd ed (Leipzig &
Erlangen, 1772). Soulsby no. 971.

The fruit of Areca catechu was said to be used for some preparations, but Hope had recently had a letter from Kerr [presumably James KerrKerr, James (1738-1782).
British. Surgeon, belonging to
East-India Company Service, first
appointed in Bengal early in the 1770’s.
He was also in Calcutta and Dacca.
Anantanarayanan Raman, "Discovery
of Kerria lacca (Insecta: Hemiptera:
Coccoidea), the lac insect, in India in
the late 18th century", in
Current Science, vol. 106, no. 6,
] reporting that this preparation was in reality made from the wood of a kind of Mimosa tree.

Kerr had made a description of the tree and sent it with a dried specimen and illustration.

This kind is not yet found in Systema naturae [Hope refers presumably to the Systema naturae, 12th editionLinnaeus, Carl Systema
, 12th edition (Stockholm
1766-1768). Soulsby no. 62.
] or in Mantissa [Hope refers presumably to the, Mantissa plantarum altera, 2nd ed. Linnaeus, Carl Mantissa
plantarum altera
(1766), 2nd ed.
(Stockholm 1771). Soulsby no. 312.

It seems to be rather close to Mimosa conriger or Mimosa tenuifolium.

Hope forwards greetings from Henrik GahnGahn, Henrik (1747-1816).
Swedish. Physician. Linnaeus’s student.
Founder of the Swedish Society of
Medical Sciences in 1807. Correspondent
of Linnaeus. Son of hans Jacob Gahn and
brother of Hans Jacob Gahn the Younger.
who has some seeds that he would be pleased to send to Linnaeus and the Uppsala University Botanical Garden [LinnéträdgårdenLinnéträdgården,
Swedish. The Uppsala University
Botanical Garden was founded by Olof
Rudbeck the Elder in 1655.

Hope hopes that Linnaeus will make a new edition of Systema naturae [there was no new edition in Linnaeus’s life-time after the 12th edition] when the results of Joseph Banks’sBanks, Joseph (1743-1820).
British. Naturalist, president of the
Royal Society. Together with Daniel
Solander he took part in Cook’s first
voyage. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
and Daniel Solander’sSolander, Daniel (1733-1782).
Swedish. Naturalist, explorer. Student
in Uppsala under Linnaeus and Johan
Gottschalk Wallerius. Went to London in
1760. Curator of natural history
collections at the British Museum.
Botanist on Cook’s first voyage
1768-1771. Joseph Bank’s librarian.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
investigations have been published.

Hope wishes Linnaeus a long life.


a. original holograph (LS, VII, 145-146, 155-156v). [1] [2] [3]