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Link: • Carl Linnaeus to Johannes Burman, 5 October 1773 n.s.
Dated 1773 d. 5 octobr. Sent from Uppsala (Sweden) to Amsterdam (Netherlands). Written in Latin.


Today Linnaeus received a letter from Johannes Burman’sBurman, Johannes (1707-1779).
Dutch. Botanist, professor of medicine
in Amsterdam. Close friend of Linnaeus.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
son [Nicolaas Laurens BurmanBurman, Nicolaas Laurens
(1734-1793). Dutch. Professor of
botany. Linnaeus’s pupil in Uppsala in
1760. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
] [Nicolaas Laurens Burman to Linnaeus 10 September 1773Letter L4898] where he learns that Burman had been ill last winter, recovered during the summer, but is now ill again suffering from the quartan. Linnaeus is sorry that Burman is suffering from fever at his age and having to live in a region so exposed to fever. If he could leave it and go to Brabant he would recover in a month. If Linnaeus were Burman’s doctor he would give him stipites dulcamarae (stems of bitter-sweet) for 14 days and after that a decoction of cinchona bark in abundance. In that way he has cured many people.

Linnaeus gives Burman’s son his compliments and tells him that the Geranium leaves were Geranium maritimum.

Burman did the right thing in helping Carl Peter ThunbergThunberg, Carl Peter
(1743-1828). Swedish. Botanist,
physician, explorer. Professor of
medicine and botany at Uppsala. Studied
medicine under Linnaeus in Uppsala,
medicine and surgery in Paris, natural
history under Johannes Burman in
Amsterdam. Travelled in South Africa in
1772-1775, in Japan 1775-1776, Java and
Ceylon in 1777-1778. Correspondent of
. He will do his best in the Cape of Good Hope. Linnaeus asks Burman to send some Cape insects when Thunberg has returned.

Linnaeus has another disciple in the Cape of Good Hope whose name is Anders SparrmanSparrman, Anders (1748-1820).
Swedish. Naturalist, physician and
traveller. Disciple of Linnaeus. In 1765
he went on a voyage to China and in 1772
to the Cape of Good Hope, where he
served as a tutor. Later the same year,
Sparrman went on James Cook´s
second voyage as assistant naturalist to
Johann Reinhold Forster and his son
Johan Georg Adam Forster. After his
return to Sweden in 1776 he was
appointed keeper of the natural
historical collections of the Royal
Swedish Academy of Sciences in 1780. In
1787 he participated in an expedition to
West Africa. Practicing physician in
Stockholm. Author of several works, the
best known of which is his account of
his travels in South Africa and with
Cook. Son of Brita and Eric Sparrman.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
. He sent some Cape plants that Linnaeus had not seen earlier. Together with Johann Reinhold ForsterForster, Johann Reinhold
(1729-1798). German. Naturalist and
voyager. Visited St Petersburg, Moscow,
Saratov and Constantinople before he
went to England. In 1772 he took part in
Cook’s second voyage. Moved to Halle in
1780 to become director of the botanical
garden. Father of Johan Georg Adam
Forster. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, Sparrman will visit new southern regions where Joseph BanksBanks, Joseph (1743-1820).
British. Naturalist, president of the
Royal Society. Together with Daniel
Solander he took part in Cook’s first
voyage. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
and Daniel SolanderSolander, Daniel (1733-1782).
Swedish. Naturalist, explorer. Student
in Uppsala under Linnaeus and Johan
Gottschalk Wallerius. Went to London in
1760. Curator of natural history
collections at the British Museum.
Botanist on Cook’s first voyage
1768-1771. Joseph Bank’s librarian.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
were earlier. If Linnaeus lives when Sparrman returns he will send specimens. Linnaeus asks Burman to send rare Cape plants from Thunberg. Linnaeus hopes that Thunberg will be able to visit Japan where no botanist ever has been, except, to some extent, Engelbert KämpferKämpfer, Engelbert
(1651-1716). German. Physician,
botanist and explorer. Travelled in
Asia. Known for his works on Japan and
Japanese natural history.

Linnaeus hopes that Burman will recover and then tell him about it. Burman’s health is something that Linnaeus cares for very much.


a. holograph (KVA, Carl von Linnés arkiv, 2801-2803). [1] [2] [3]


1. Epistolae ineditae Caroli Linnaei (1830), p. 140-141 .
2. Bref och skrifvelser (1943), vol. II:2, p. 200-201   p.200  p.201.