Nicolaus Joseph von JacquinJacquin, Nicolaus Joseph, baron von
(1727-1817). Dutch. Botanist. In
1755 at the order of emperor Franz I of
Austria he went to the Antilles and
South America. In 1763 he became
professor of mineralogy and chemistry at
Chemnitz, later professor of botany at
Vienna and director of the botanical
garden at Schönbrunn. Correspondent
of Linnaeus. sends six plates from Florae Austriacae, sive plantarum selectarumJacquin, Nicolaus Joseph, baron von
Florae Austriacae, sive
plantarum selectarum in Austriae A.
chiducatu sponte crescentium icones,
etc (Vienna 1773-1778). . Some of them are commented.
On Laserpitium trilobum, Jacquin admits that he had always been sure of the name but that he is no longer so, since so many details differ. Also, Albrecht von HallerHaller, Albrecht von
(1708-1777). Swiss. Naturalist and
poet, professor of medicine, botany,
anatomy and surgery at Göttingen
1736-1753. Correspondent of Linnaeus. quotes Linnaeus but gives a picture of another species. Jacquin has begun to believe that he has found a new species.
Gentiana ciliata is still difficult. Oeder had described one variant, which Linnaeus had cited in Mantissa plantarum altera, 2nd ed.Linnaeus, Carl Mantissa
plantarum altera (1766), 2nd ed.
(Stockholm 1771). Soulsby no. 312. . Now, Jacquin wants to know if the variant described in Systema naturae, 12th editionLinnaeus, Carl Systema
naturae, 12th edition (Stockholm
1766-1768). Soulsby no. 62. agrees with Georg Christian von Oeder’sOeder, Georg Christian von
(1728-1791). German/Danish. Botanist
and economist. Studied under Albrecht
von Haller in Göttingen and became
professor of botany at Copenhagen.
Minister of finance for Norway. Started
the publishing of Flora Danica.
Correspondent of Linnaeus. or with Jacquin’s. If it agrees with Oeder’s, Jacquin will treat his as a new species.
Hedysarum alpinum had been identified by Linnaeus as Hedysarum obscurum.
Pyrus nivalis is an elegant little tree with fruits that become very sweet and tasty after frost, when they are decaying. Until then, they are extremely sour, more so than anything else.
Jacquin sends a twig of the tree Filao received from the island Borbonia. He got a similar twig from Kew Garden, tagged Casuarina Rumphii, but that attribution must be wrong. Jacquin asks Linnaeus for help.