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C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L5049 • Carl Linnaeus to Johan Gustaf Wahlbom, 22 November 1774 n.s.
Dated 1774 d. 22 Novembr.. Sent from Uppsala (Sweden) to Kalmar (Sweden). Written in Swedish.

upSUMMARY

Linnaeus had received Johan Gustaf Wahlbom’s Wahlbom, Johan Gustaf
(1724-1808). Swedish. Physician and
naturalist. Studied at Uppsala under
Linnaeus, anatomy, surgery and
obstretics at Wittenberg. Provincial
physician at Kalmar. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
material about the Lepidoptera a week earlier. He praises the drawings and thinks they are as good as those by Roesel [August Johann Rösel von RosenhofRösel von Rosenhof, August
Johann
(1705-1759). German.
Naturalist and painter.
; the drawings referred to, are published in Der monatlich-herausgegebenen Insecten-BelustigungRösel von Rosenhof, August
Johann
Der
monatlich-herausgegebenen
Insecten-Belustigung erster [-vierter]
Theil [...] Nebst einer Vorrede, in
welcher von dem Nutzen der Insecten
gehandelt, was sie seyen gezeiget, und
von der Eintheilung derselben Nachricht
gegeben wird
, 4 vol.
(Nürnberg, 1746-[1761].
]. Linnaeus thinks it would be good if Wahlbom also had Benjamin Wilkes’sWilkes, Benjamin (d. 1749).
British. Artist and naturalist, London.
work [Linnaeus refers to Wilkes’s One hundred and twenty copper-plates of English moths and butterfliesWilkes, Benjamin One hundred
and twenty copper-plates of English
moths and butterflies : [... ] and the
plants, flowers, and fruits, whereon
they feed [...]
(London, 1773).
, the second edition of The English moths and butterfliesWilkes, Benjamin The English
moths and butterflies : together with
the plants, flowers and fruits whereon
they feed, and are usually to be found
[...] being copied exactly from the
subjects themselves and painted on the
best atlas paper. Together with an
attempt towards a natural history of the
said Moths and Butterflies [...]

(London, 1747-1749).
] to draw the Phalaena that are not given by Rösel von Rosenhof. Linnaeus will publish his praise, which they really have earned.

Linnaeus cannot determine the unnamed species before he can go out to Hammarby around Christmas and look in his collection, if Wahlbom can let him keep the drawings so long. Linnaeus warns Wahlbom that he may not be able to determine them all, for he has not found enough criteria to determine them. The differences can be very small, just as between farmers and their workers.

Linnaeus has not yet received the insects that Wahlbom had sent to him. Linnaeus has also written to Abraham BäckBäck, Abraham (1713-1795).
Swedish. Physician, president of the
Collegium Medicum, Stockholm. Close
friend of Linnaeus. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
and asked about them, but Bäck has answered that he has not heard of them.

The archbishop [Magnus Olai BeroniusBeronius, Magnus Olai
(1692-1775). Swedish. Professor of
theology, Uppsala. Bishop of Kalmar in
1745, archbishop in 1764.
] is well, as before.

Linnaeus has just received Samuel Gottlieb Gmelin’sGmelin, Samuel Gottlieb
(1745-1774). German. Professor of
botany at the Imperial Academy of
Sciences in St Petersburg. In 1764 he
travelled in Eastern Russia and the
provinces south of the Caspian sea. He
completed the Flora Sibirica
(1747-1769) of his uncle Johann Georg
Gmelin. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
and Peter Simon Pallas’sPallas, Peter Simon
(1741-1811). German. Naturalist and
explorer. Pallas studied at the
universities of Göttingen and
Leiden. In 1768 he was called to Russia
to take part in an expedition to
Siberia, the aim of which was to study
the passage of Venus. Pallas remained in
Russia for the greater part of his life.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
reports of their travels in Siberia, two volumes each [Linnaeus refers to Reise durch RusslandGmelin, Samuel Gottlieb Reise
durch Russland zur Untersuchung der drey
Natur-Reiche [...] in den Jahren 1768[
... ][- bis im Frühling 1774.]
,
4 vols. (St Petersburg, [1770]-1784).
and Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des Russischen ReichsPallas, Peter Simon Reise
durch verschiedene Provinzen des
Russischen Reichs
, 3 vol. (St.
Petersburg, 1771-1776).
]. They contain much of interest.

Linnaeus thinks it was strange that Carl Peter ThunbergThunberg, Carl Peter
(1743-1828). Swedish. Botanist,
physician, explorer. Professor of
medicine and botany at Uppsala. Studied
medicine under Linnaeus in Uppsala,
medicine and surgery in Paris, natural
history under Johannes Burman in
Amsterdam. Travelled in South Africa in
1772-1775, in Japan 1775-1776, Java and
Ceylon in 1777-1778. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
had sent so many plants from the Cape of Good Hope but no insects, which used to be his favorites.

When they last met, Linnaeus did not think Wahlbom would produce such nice drawings so soon.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (KVA, Carl von Linnés arkiv). [1] [2] [3] [4]