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C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L5051 • Carl Linnaeus to Abraham Bäck, 18 November 1774 n.s.
Dated 1774 d. 18 November.. Sent from Uppsala (Sweden) to (). Written in Swedish.

Min Kiäreste H[err] Broder.

i går woro de artige Grefwarne här; jag sökte wisa dem all den höflighet jag kunne. de hastade ganska mycket. Den ena hade mycket rest och mycket af sine resor profiterat.

jag måste tillstå att D[octo]r Wahlboms ritningar äro rätt skiöna och cedera i intet måhl Roesels. D[octo]r Wahlbom säger sig och sändt mig en låda med insecter in natura; hafwa de wähl kommit till Min K[iäre] Broder.

Canelblommor kunne wähl Praeses R[egii] Coll[egii] Medici sända mig några stycken att beses.

Nog willa H[errar] Collegae hafwa mig till stockholm med sig, när de skola presentera första boken af Bibel versionen, men Lectioner, Praesidier, kalla luften, Debilitas senilis lära hindra mig

Doch hade jag lust komma, om Ridd[are] Roslin, den stora conterfejaren hade tid att giöra mig den faveur, som han så resonabelt lofwat

D[octo]r Wahlboms figurer will jag se att jag kan determinera med namn, så snart jag får komma till Hammarby museum, men nu är det på [en] månad omögligt.

jag har nu. fått acta Petropol[itana], Gmelins resa andre tomen, Pallasii 2 a och 3die tomen af sin resa, som alla hafwa uptäckt mycket uti Historia naturali. jag har ock fått Gouani wärk, Vandellii observationes, Scholleri Fl[ora] barbiensis med mycket annat

Ferber war född till något mer än apothecare. han giorde klokt, som reste; ty ingen giorde reflection på honom här i landet. ej häller liknar sig till att blifwa epocha litterator[um]. jag är wiss, att han ej blifwit wärdig att blifwa ledamot af academien, men många andra .... utan att stå i grace hos B[ergius]

förblifwer
Min K[iäre] H[err] Broders
lydige tienare
Carl Linne

Upsala 1774
d[ie] 18 Novembr[is]

upSUMMARY

Two counts had visited Linnaeus the day before. Linnaeus had received them as politely as he could. They were in great haste. One of them had travelled a great deal and learnt a lot by it.

Johan Gustaf WahlbomsWahlbom, Johan Gustaf
(1724-1808). Swedish. Physician and
naturalist. Studied at Uppsala under
Linnaeus, anatomy, surgery and
obstretics at Wittenberg. Provincial
physician at Kalmar. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
drawings are good and in no way inferior to those by Roesel. Wahlbom says that he has also sent Linnaeus a box containing real insects, and Linnaeus wonders if it has gone to Bäck.

Linnaeus asks Abraham BäckBäck, Abraham (1713-1795).
Swedish. Physician, president of the
Collegium Medicum, Stockholm. Close
friend of Linnaeus. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
to send him some flowers of the cinnamon tree.

Linnaeus’s colleagues want Linnaeus to accompany them when they go to Stockholm to present the first part of the new translation of the Bible [Kongliga Bibel-CommissionenKongliga Bibel-Commissionen,
Swedish. The Bible [revision] committee
was set up in 1772.
]. However, lectures, meetings, cold air and old age will prevent Linnaeus from going.

However, Linnaeus would have been glad to go if Alexander RoslinRoslin, Alexander (1718-1793).
Swedish. Portrait painter, who worked
mainly in France. His portrait of
Linnaeus was made in 1775.
had time to do Linnaeus the favour that he has promised.

Linnaeus wants to see Wahlbom’s drawings and add names to them as soon as he can get to Hammarby. That will not be possible for another month.

Linnaeus lists several books that he has received: Acta Petropolitana [Linnaeus means the Novi commentarii of the Imperial Academy of Sciences of St Petersburg, Imperatorskaja akademija naukImperatorskaja akademija nauk,
Imperial Academy of Sciences

Russian. Imperial Academy of Sciences of
St Petersburg, founded in 1725. Its
publications are Commentarii
Academiae Scientiarum Imperialis
Petropolitanae
, 1-14 (1726 -
1744/1746 [i.e. pub. 1728 - 1751]) and
Novi Commentarii Academiae
Scientiarum Imperialis
Petropolitanae
, 1-20 (1747/1748 -
1775 [i.e. pub. 1750 - 1776]).
], the second part of Gmelin’s journey [Linnaeus refers to the first volume of Samuel Gottlieb Gmelin’sGmelin, Samuel Gottlieb
(1745-1774). German. Professor of
botany at the Imperial Academy of
Sciences in St Petersburg. In 1764 he
travelled in Eastern Russia and the
provinces south of the Caspian sea. He
completed the Flora Sibirica
(1747-1769) of his uncle Johann Georg
Gmelin. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, Reise durch RusslandGmelin, Samuel Gottlieb Reise
durch Russland zur Untersuchung der drey
Natur-Reiche [...] in den Jahren 1768[
... ][- bis im Frühling 1774.]
,
4 vols. (St Petersburg, [1770]-1784).
], the second and third parts of Peter Simon Pallas’sPallas, Peter Simon
(1741-1811). German. Naturalist and
explorer. Pallas studied at the
universities of Göttingen and
Leiden. In 1768 he was called to Russia
to take part in an expedition to
Siberia, the aim of which was to study
the passage of Venus. Pallas remained in
Russia for the greater part of his life.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
journey [Linnaeus refers to Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des Russischen ReichsPallas, Peter Simon Reise
durch verschiedene Provinzen des
Russischen Reichs
, 3 vol. (St.
Petersburg, 1771-1776).
] – they all have made many discoveries in natural history -, Antoine Gouan’sGouan, Antoine (1733-1821).
French. Botanist, Montpellier. Student
under Sauvages. Director of the
botanical garden in 1767, later
professor of botany and medicine.
Although an admirer of Linnaeus he tried
to develop a hybrid of his system of
classification. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
works, Domenico Vandelli’sVandelli, Domenico (1735-1816).
Italian. Physician and botanist. Left
for Portugal in 1764, where he was a
professor at the university of Coimbra.
He was the founder of Ajuda botanical
garden in Lisboa and of the Coimbra
botanical garden, where he was also the
first director (1773-1791).
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
observations, Friedrich Adam Scholler’sScholler, Friedrich Adam
(1718-1795). German. Botanist. Teacher
at the community of Moravian Brethren at
Barby. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
Flora BarbiensisScholler, Friedrich Adam
Flora Barbiensis : in usum seminarii
fratrum
(Leipzig, 1775-1787)
and many more.

Johan Jacob FerberFerber, Johan Jacob
(1743-1790). Swedish. Professor of
chemistry at Mitau, of mineralogy at St
Petersburg. Superintendent of the board
of mines, Berlin. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
was meant for something more than a career as a pharmacist. It was wise of him to leave the country where nobody cared about him. Linnaeus is sure that he would not have been worthy of becoming a member of the academy, but many others become that without being on good terms with Petter Jonas BergiusBergius, Petter Jonas
(1730-1790). Swedish. Physician and
botanist. Professor of natural history
and pharmacy at Collegium Medicum,
Stockholm. Linnaeus’s student.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (KVA, Carl von Linnés arkiv). [1] [2]

upEDITIONS

1. Bref och skrifvelser (1911), vol. I:5, p. 223-224   p.223  p.224.