Documentation

Letters

-Search for letters
-Search in texts

Manuscripts

Editions

Links

Contact

C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L5067 • Carl Linnaeus to Gustav III, 1774 n.s.
Dated . Sent from () to (). Written in Swedish.

upSUMMARY

Linnaeus informs the King [Gustav IIIGustav III, (1746-1792).
Swedish. Reigned 1771-1792. Son of King
Adolf Fredrik and Queen Lovisa Ulrika,
brother of Sofia Albertina and Karl
XIII. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
] that Princess Caroline-Louise of Baden-DurlachCaroline-Louise of Baden-Durlach,
(1751-1783). German. Margravine
of Baden. Amateur botanist. Married to
Karl Friedrich of Baden-Durlach. Born
Caroline-Louise of Hesse-Darmstadt.
Mother of Karl Ludwig of Baden-Durlach,
Friedrich of Baden-Durlach, Ludwig
Wilhelm August of Baden-Durlach.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, who is said to be the most curious Princess in the world, is presently publishing the most magnificent work ever to be seen, containing 10,000 tables based on Linnaeus’s own Natural Museum, and costing the Princess 90,000 ducats, and it was on that account that Linnaeus had been contacted by the Princess.

The Princess had requested Linnaeus, through Jacob Jonas BjörnståhlBjörnståhl, Jacob Jonas
(1731-1779). Swedish.
Orientalist. Studied in Uppsala and
attended Linnaeus’s lectures. Travelled
in Europe and Asia (1767-1779). Died in
Saloniki, Greece. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
, to ask the King for access to some books and natural history specimens that she otherwise has no possibility to obtain. The Princess had been able to acquire through the late Adolf FredrikAdolf Fredrik, (1710-1771).
Swedish. King of Sweden. Reigned
1751-1771. Married to Lovisa Ulrika.
Father of Gustav III. Chancellor of
Uppsala university 1747-1751.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
the Museum S:ae R:ae M:tis Adolphi Friderici Regis SuecorumLinnaeus, Carl Museum S:ae
R:ae M:tis Adolphi Friderici Regis
Suecorum [...] in quo animalia rariora
imprimis et exotica: quadrupedia, aves,
amphibia, pisces, insecta, vermes
describuntur et determinantur, Latine et
Suetice cum iconibus
(Stockholm
1754).
and the Museum s:ae m:tis Ludovicae Ulricae reginaeLinnaeus, Carl Museum s:ae
m:tis Ludovicae Ulricae reginae

(Stockholm 1764). Soulsby no. 1095a.
but has never been able to acquire Museum Regis vol. II, Olof RudbeckRudbeck, Olof (1630-1702).
Swedish. Physician, historian,
naturalist. Founder of the Uppsala
University Botanical Garden. Professor
of medicine at Uppsala.
and Olof RudbeckRudbeck, Olof (1660-1740).
Swedish. Professor of medicine,
botanist, ornithologist, travelled in
Lapland. Linnaeus’s teacher.
, Campi ElysiiRudbeck, Olof & Olof Rudbeck
Campi Elysii [...], opera Olai
Rudbeckii, patris & filii
editus
, I-II (Uppsala 1702, 1701).
, or Carl Alexander Clerck’sClerck, Carl Alexander
(1709-1765). Swedish. Entomologist.
Assessor in Stockholm. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
work on butterflies [Icones insectorum rariorumClerck, Carl Alexander Icones
insectorum rariorum cum nominibus eorum
trivialibus, locisqve e C: Linnaei [...
] Syst: nat: allegatis
, 2 vol.,
(Stockholm 1759-1765).
], which was drawn in the Queen’s museum [the natural history cabinet at Drottningholm Palace] .

The Princess herself has a magnificent museum, continues Linnaeus, to which she makes additions daily, with the help of numerous potentates. The German Empress has ordered that all museums shall collect minerals, types of marble, stones and shells from Hungary, Bohemia, Tyrol, Italy, etc. The Russian Empress [Catherine IICatherine II, (1729-1796).
Russian. Empress of Russia, reigned from
1762-1796. Wife of Peter III.
] has done the same. In addition, the Princess has received donations from England, etc., etc., but completely lacks all the Swedish natural history specimens.

Linnaues writes that the Princess had hoped that the King would grant her the favour of fulfilling her requirements.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original (UUB, F429). [1] [2]

upEDITIONS

1. Bref och skrifvelser (1912), vol. I:6, p. 227-228   p.227  p.228.