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C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L5386 • Clas Alströmer to Carl Linnaeus, 2 July 1762 n.s.
Dated 2 Julii 1762. Sent from Firenze (Italia) to Uppsala (Sweden). Written in Swedish.

upSUMMARY

Linnaeus’s last letter to Clas AlströmerAlströmer, Clas
(1736-1794). Swedish. Baron,
industrialist. Sent plants and specimens
to Linnaeus from his travels abroad.
Bought Linnaeus’s “little herbarium”,
now in the Natural History Museum in
Stockholm. Son of Jonas Alströmer,
brother of August, Johan and Patrick
Alströmer. Correspondent of
Linnaeus
was dated 31 May [1762; this letter has not come down to us].

Since then Alströmer has gathered Valisneriae specimina in quantity. He had to go to Pisa only to collect Valisneriae. Giovanni Lorenzo TilliTilli, Giovanni Lorenzo
Italian. Keeper of the Botanical garden
in Pisa.
as well as the Gardener in Pisa gave Alströmer little hope as they had been looking for it without finding any. However, in the ditches along the way to the hot baths no herb was more common. Alströmer used Cuff’s microscope [named after John CuffCuff, John (1708-1792).
British. Maker of spectacles and
microscopes in London.
] to examine its partes fructificationis. Raimondo CocchiCocchi, Raimondo Italian.
Professor of anatomy and surgery,
Florence. Son of Antonio Cocchi.
from Florence, very clever and much alike his famous father [Antonio CocchiCocchi, Antonio (1695-1758).
Italian. Professor of anatomy and
physiology, Florence. Author of
philological works. Father of Raimondo
Cocchi.
], made a drawing that will be sent to Linnaeus. Partes fructific[ationis] are well depicted by Pietro Antonio MicheliMicheli, Pietro Antonio
(1679-1737). Italian. Botanist, curator
of the botanical garden of Florence.
Before Linnaeus the leading authority on
cryptogames.
[Alströmer refers to an illustration in the Catalogus plantarumMicheli, Pietro Antonio
Catalogus plantarum horti caesarei
Florentini opus postumum, iussu
societatis botanicae editum,
continuatum, et ipsius horti historia
locupletatum ab Io. Targioni
Tozzettio
(Florence 1748).
] but not the petals; they are much longer, not so hirsute, nor so broad at the tip. Alströmer gives a detailed description of the illustration and discusses its qualities.

Alströmer mentions John StrangeStrange, John (1732-1799).
British. Diplomat, author of many works
within different fields, such as
geologi, mineralogy, paleontology,
zoology. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
from the University of Cambridge and a member of the Botanical Society of Florence [Società Botanica FiorentinaSocietà Botanica Fiorentina,
The Botanical Society of Florence

Italian. The first botanical society in
Europe, founded in 1716 by Pier Antonio
Micheli. Merged in 1783 with the
Accademia dei Georgofili, the first
agricultural academy in Europe, founded
in 1753.
], who is, at his own expense, travelling in Italy. He is a naturalist particularly interested in mineralogy. He wants to get in contact with Linnaeus and if possible become a member of a Swedish scientific society, for example the Royal Society of Sciences at Uppsala [Kungliga Vetenskaps-Societeten i UppsalaKungliga Vetenskaps-Societeten i
Uppsala,
Swedish. The Royal
Society of Sciences at Uppsala was
founded in 1728.
] [at the time of this letter from Alströmer, Strange had already written to Linnaeus, Strange to Linnaeus, 2 June 1762Letter L3924].

Alströmer has seen 3 Diospyros Lotus trees in the botanical garden in Pisa. They were all Hermaphroditi. Seeds are enclosed.

He also sends seeds from Lepidium perfoliatum which he has not seen in the Uppsala University Botanical garden.

Acaciae spec. Julimbrissim dicta from Constantinople is a tree which Alströmer has not yet seen blooming, and therefore he sends some seeds.

Alströmer plans to proceed to Bologna, Padua and Venezia. Letters can be sent to Tourton & BaurTourton & Baur, French.
Clas Alströmer’s banker, Paris.
, Paris.

He also encloses a letter to Johann Christian Daniel von SchreberSchreber, Johann Christian Daniel von
(1737-1810). German. Physician
and botanist. Became doctor of medicine
at Uppsala under Linnaeus in 1760.
Professor of botany and director of the
botanical garden of Erlangen.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
from Rochus Friederich LynarLynar, Rochus Friederich
(1708-1781). Danish. Diplomat, Danish
minister in Stockholm 1735-1740.
.

Alströmer concludes by sending his greeting s to Linnaeus’s wife [Sara Elisabet MoraeaMoraea, Sara Elisabet
(1716-1806). Swedish. Linnaeus’s wife.
Daughter of Johan Moraeus and Elisabet
Hansdotter Moraea. Mother of Carl
Linnaeus the Younger and of Elisabeth
Christina, Louisa, Sara Christina and
Sophia Linnaea.
] and to Carl [Carl Linnaeus the YoungerLinnaeus the Younger, Carl
(1741-1783). Swedish. Botanist. Son of
Carl Linnaeus and Sara Elisabet Linnaea.
Brother of Elisabeth Christina, Louisa,
Sara Christina and Sophia Linnaea.
Attended his father’s lectures, had
private tutors (Löfling, Rolander,
Solander and Falk, all Linnaeus’s
students). Demonstrator of botany at
Uppsala. Succeeded his
father.
] and all his friends.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. (LS, I, 89-90). [1] [2] [3]

upEDITIONS

1. Bref och skrifvelser (1909), vol. I:3, p. 58-60   p.58  p.59  p.60.