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C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L5388 • Clas Alströmer to Carl Linnaeus, 30 January 1763 n.s.
Dated 30 Januarii 1763. Sent from Paris (France) to Uppsala (Sweden). Written in Swedish.

upSUMMARY

Clas AlströmerAlströmer, Clas
(1736-1794). Swedish. Baron,
industrialist. Sent plants and specimens
to Linnaeus from his travels abroad.
Bought Linnaeus’s “little herbarium”,
now in the Natural History Museum in
Stockholm. Son of Jonas Alströmer,
brother of August, Johan and Patrick
Alströmer. Correspondent of
Linnaeus
is quite crushed with shame for not having written for such a long time. But better late than never.

In Milan, Alströmer ran into young Domenico VandelliVandelli, Domenico (1735-1816).
Italian. Physician and botanist. Left
for Portugal in 1764, where he was a
professor at the university of Coimbra.
He was the founder of Ajuda botanical
garden in Lisboa and of the Coimbra
botanical garden, where he was also the
first director (1773-1791).
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
who, during the summer, has collected herbs and seeds, some of which he has sent to Linnaeus.

Alströmer met Carlo AllioniAllioni, Carlo (1725-1804).
Italian. Professor of botany, Turin.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
in Turin. He sent some herbs and seeds to Linnaeus. He also had a beautiful plant, Moluccella spinosa & fruticosa, which did not produce seeds. He also sent Linnaeus plants and seeds.

In Geneva he came in contact with a few botanists whom he has tried to persuade to send specimens from their collections to Linnaeus.

In Paris, says Alströmer, there are many naturalists, but few are competent.

Bernard de JussieuJussieu, Bernard de
(1699-1777). French. Professor of
botany, brother of Antoine and Joseph de
Jussieu. Demonstrator at the Jardin des
plantes. Sébastien Vaillant’s
successor. Uncle of Antoine Laurent de
Jussieu. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
is a man of great merit. Because of him Linnaeus has become a member of the Académie royale des sciences, ParisAcadémie royale des sciences,
Paris,
French. The French
Académie des sciences was founded
in 1666 and became a royal academy in
1699. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
. François Boissier de La Croix de SauvagesSauvages, François Boissier de
La Croix de
(1706-1767). French.
Botanist and clergyman and physician,
professor in medicine at Montpellier.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
and Antoine GouanGouan, Antoine (1733-1821).
French. Botanist, Montpellier. Student
under Sauvages. Director of the
botanical garden in 1767, later
professor of botany and medicine.
Although an admirer of Linnaeus he tried
to develop a hybrid of his system of
classification. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
do not impress him. Their brother Joseph de JussieuJussieu, Joseph de (1704-1779).
French. Botanist, mathematician,
explorer. Member of the French
expedition in South America 1735.
Brother of Antoine and Bernard de
Jussieu. Uncle of Antoine Laurent de
Jussieu.
has been in America a long time, but is believed to have been kept by the Spaniards in Havanna on his way back, as to them he is dearer than Hippocrates. Bernard has impressed Alströmer from the very first moment they met. His memory is unbelievable and his knowledge comprehensive. He wants Linnaeus’s method to be more natural.

Jussieu approves of Michel Adanson’sAdanson, Michel (1727-1806).
French. Botanist. Travelled in Senegal.
An opponent of Linnaeus. Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
works and the two of them are often together. When visiting Jussieu, Alströmer saw a letter from Pehr ForsskålForsskål, Peter
(1732-1763). Swedish. Naturalist and
explorer. Linnaeus’s student, professor
in Denmark in 1759. Joined a Danish
expedition to Egypt and Arabia in 1761.
Died at Jerîm, Arabia.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
dated 20 December last year from CairoLetter L1234. Forsskål had sent him some seeds.

Adanson is a hardworking man writing a new “natural system of plants” in French. He believes he has understood ordines naturals, but does not care much to present adequate definitions thereof. He has one idea that Alströmer approves of which means that everything ought to constitute caracter genericus and not a sole caracter essentialis.

Jean-Louis Leclerc, comte de BuffonBuffon, Jean-Louis Leclerc, comte de
(1707-1788). French.
, works a lot, especially with mammals. He believes that we do not have more than about 20 original species of quadrupeds. The many variations emanate from climate, mixing, etc. He has allowed the he-goat to run with the ewe and their offspring have also multiplied. The ram and the goat is, however, not possible. Alströmer is not sure that his memory is correct; it may be the other way round.

He has seen the first volume of Species plantarumLinnaeus, Carl Species
plantarum [...] editio tertia
, I-II
(Vienna 1764). Soulsby no. 510.
and thanks Linnaeus for the honour that has befallen upon him. He believes that the three species Alstroemeria are in reality the same genus.

There are undoubtedly Elephant’s teeth in Tuscany. He mentions also that J. Antonio Targioni-TozzettiTargioni-Tozzetti, Giovanni
(1712-1783). Italian. Naturalist and
physician, associate of Pietro Antonio
Micheli. Father of Ottaviano
Targioni-Tozzetti.Uncle of Antonio
Targioni-Tozzetti.
in Florence offers to send Linnaeus the missing volumes of Tozzetti’s travels [Relazzione d’alcuni viaggi fatti in diverse parti della ToscanaTargioni-Tozzetti, Giovanni
Relazzione d´alcuni viaggi
fatti in diverse parti della Toscana

(Florence, 1754).
].

Finally, Alströmer says that he must go home to take care of the estate after the death of his father. That means that he will have to cancel his trip to England and Holland but hopes to undertake it at another time.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. (LS, I, 98-100). [1] [2] [3] [4] [5]

upEDITIONS

1. Bref och skrifvelser (1909), vol. I:3, p. 68-71   p.68  p.69  p.70  p.71.