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C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L5478 • John Stuart to Peter Collinson, 10 August 1753 n.s.
Dated tuesday morn., aug. 10. 1753. Sent from Canewood (Great Britain) to London (Great Britain). Written in English.

upSUMMARY

The Earl of Bute [John StuartStuart, John (1713-1792).
British. 3rd Earl of Bute. Scottish
nobleman who served as Prime Minister of
Great Britain (1762–1763) under George
III.
] has examined the plant he got from Peter CollinsonCollinson, Peter (1694-1768).
British. Merchant and amateur naturalist
in London, corresponded with many
scientists. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
and found it to be a Prenanthes and gives a reference to Hortus Cliffortianus Linnaeus, Carl Hortus
Cliffortianus, plantas exhibens quas in
hortis tam vivis quam siccis Hartecampi
in Hollandia coluit [...] Georgius
Clifford
(Amsterdam 1737). Soulsby
no. 328.
, well described by Giulio Pontedera’sPontedera, Giulio (1688-1757).
Italian. Director of the botanical
garden and professor of botany at Padua.
He rejected Linnaeus’s system. Linnaeus
named a family of Narcissoides,
Pontederia, after him.
, Dissertationes [Bute refers to the AnthologiaPontedera, Giulio
Anthologia, sive de floris natura
libri tres plurimis inventis,
observationibusque, ac aereis tabulis
ornati. Accendunt ejusdem Dissertationes
XI [.. .] quibus res botanica, et
subinde etiam medica illustratur

(Padua, 1720).
] but better by Albrecht von HallerHaller, Albrecht von
(1708-1777). Swiss. Naturalist and
poet, professor of medicine, botany,
anatomy and surgery at Göttingen
1736-1753. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
. The drawing of it given by Robert MorisonMorison, Robert (1620-1683).
British. Botanist and physician.
Physician-in-ordinary to Charles II.
Professor in botany at Oxford.
is tolerable.

Bute has not been satisfied with many specific descriptions and has, as he thinks, changed some of them to the better. As an example of this, he sends Collinson descriptions of Cytisus and Colutea, based on specimens he has in his garden. He has not found descriptions of some of them with Linnaeus, Haller or Adriaan van RoyenRoyen, Adriaan van (1705-1779).
Dutch. Professor of botany, director of
the botanical garden of Leiden.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
.

The first is Cytisus Neapolitanus in Bute’s terminology, ever-green and growing five to seven feet tall in Italy. Towards the top, the stalks and leaves are covered with whitish hair. Bute has not found it described anywhere.

The second is what James GordonGordon, James (1708-1780).
British. Gardener to James Sherard at
Eltham and then to Lord Petre at
Thorndon. After that he founded a
nursery at Bow and run a seed shop in
London. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
calls the tall Siberian cytisus, four feet high and with white hair all over the plant.

The third cytisus is the dwarf Siberian variant, four feet high, with erect branches and small flowers with tufted leaves underneath. Hortus UpsaliensisLinnaeus, Carl Hortus
Upsaliensis, exhibens plantas exoticas,
Horto Upsaliensis academiae a sese
illatas, ab anno 1742, in annum 1748,
additis differentiis, synonymis,
habitationibus, hospitiis, rariorumque
descriptionibus, in gratiam studiose
juventutis
, I (Stockholm 1748).
Soulsby no. 424
lists a Siberian cytisus but Bute has not been able to tell which of them Linnaeus means. Bute suggests an improvement of Linnaeus’s character of the cup of the Siberian cytisus.

Bute gives also new Latin names for an Ethiopian colutea, an African and Oriental colutea, also described by Richard PocockePococke, Richard (1704-1765).
British. Clergyman, and traveller.
Undertook two journeys to Egypt, wrote
detailed travel reports from there and
from journeys to Ireland.
, and a third species commented as “Bladder Senna”.

Bute sees that he has covered his sheet of paper, albeit with trifles.

P.S. 1. Bute tells that he expects a visit by John MitchellMitchell, John (1711-1768).
British/American. Physician and
botanist. Born in Virginia. After
studies in medicine at the University of
Edinburgh he returned to Virginia as a
physician, but left America for London
in 1746. Famous for his map of eastern
North-America, known as the Mitchell
Map, first published in 1755.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
the following Friday, and he wonders if Collinson could look in when he passes.

upEDITIONS

1. A selection (1821), vol. 1, p. 27-31   p.27  p.28  p.29  p.30  p.31.