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C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L5980 • Carl Linnaeus to Johannes Burman, [15 August 1736] n.s.
Dated Undated, but written after Linnaeusīs return from England in 1736. Sent from Hartecamp (Netherlands) to Amsterdam (Netherlands). Written in Latin.

Viro Clarissimo,
D[omino] Johanni Burmanno,
Medico et Professore [sic] Amstelodamensi,
Botanico Eximio,
S[alutem] pl[urimam] d[icit]
Linnaeus.

Ante aliquot dies redux fui ex Anglia. Ibi locutus cum Sloane, Martino, Millero, Dillenio, Sherardo, du Bois, Randio, Collinsonio, Catesbeo, Petraeo & reliquis Botanicis, apud quos Tuam, ut debui, mentionem feci. Omnes uno ore desiderant Thesaurum tuum. Angli norunt reliquos Belgiae Botanicos, te excepto, de quo multa sibi, ut debent, imaginantur.

Dillenius non est in Te, ut credis, offensus, sed mores ejus sunt minus politos, at rigidos et dura e natura. Habet quidem nonnullas et forte plures plantas Zeylanenses, sed omnes digestas secundum genera et mixtas Europaeis, ut eas si quis seligeret, integrum haberet anni otium.

Redux attuli mecum bene multas plantas E[xempli] gr[atia] Hernandiam Plum[ieri], Sassafras, Cornutiam, Barleriam, Bocconiam, Breyneam, Brunsfelsiam, Camerariam, Caragualam, Cerberam, Coum, Cupaniam, Dioscoream, Bauhinias octo species, Dorsteniam, Fuchsiam, Geofraeam, Guajacum, Guazumam, Jan-Rajam, Isoetes, Magnoliam, Lamisolis, Mamei, Manillam, Marantam, Mentzeliam, Mamei, Muntingiam, Petiveriam, Pittoniam, Rauvolfiam, Rojoe, Ruellias 2, Sherardiam, Saururum, Piperem, Tabernaemontanam, Ahoraj, Tragiam, Turneram, Richardiam, Buddlejam, Duglassiam, Petraeam, Kaempferiam, Collinsoniam, Hipecacuanham, &c. partim vivas, partim siccas. Si tempus et otia Tibi sit, quaeso, venias, videas.

Post hoc non conceditur mihi otium. Vix mihi tempus est edendi. Jam omni vi describitur hortus.

Habeo inter siccatas plantas fere aliquot species ex omni genere, quod in characteribus exhibui. D[ominus] Gronovius concessit mihi specimina ex istis generibus, quas ab eo habeo.

Quaritur, num D[ominus] Professor posset et unicum foliolum vel ramulum communicare ex istis generibus, quae ab eo habui, et primus forem, qui Allegarem vestram opus.

Quaeritur, an D[ominus] Cliffort posset habere opus vestrum Zeylanense pro pretio quorumque, modo cito et ea quae impressa sunt, ut ea possem allegare. Nam mox incipimus et nos impressionem.

(Nescio tamen, num D[ominus] Cliffort vult quod aliquis haec sciat.) Ne credas me esse nebulonem vel aliam ob caussam haec desiderare quam in Tui honorem et meum adjumentum honestum.

Gratulor, quod tandem eo pervenit, ut liceat sperare imo et videre opus sine pari Rumpfianum, te obstetricante; concedat Tibi Deus vitam et vires; plura praestabis quam omnes reliqui in Belgio simul.

Si concedis mihi Tua, ostendam publice qua venerantia Te prosequor, dum vixero.

Tuus
Linnaeus

Hartecamp die martis

Dales pharmacologia imprimis edit. 3 auctior Londini.

Martyn edidit Tournefortii historiam pl[antarum] circa Pariseos nascentes. Anglice cum notis.

Dillenius jam ultimam manum addit operi

Sherardiano s[ive] Pinaci; quamprimum edidisse tuum librum ad eum mittas, quaeso.

Martyn decas 4 nondum prodiit; sub praelo est.

Catesby habet multas plantas in ista quae jam sub prelo sudat.

Saluta plurimum Viros generosos et collegas collegii Vestri meis verbis!

Age D[ominum] díOrville gratias pro literis commendatitiis; erant novis honeste ad minus honestum, de quo cum eo in verbis plura. Non enim est tantus amicus d[ominus] díOrville, quantus esse deberet. Sua et plura vi verbis.

Raptim

Saluta familiam!

Viro Clarissimo
D[omino] Johanni Burmanno
Medico, Professore [sic] et Botanico Celeberrimo
Amsteliis.

upSUMMARY

A few days previously Linnaeus had returned from England. He had met Hans SloaneSloane, Hans (1660-1753).
British. Physician, naturalist and
collector. Secretary of the Royal
Society in 1693, president in 1727.
Sloaneís collections of natural history
objects were donated to the English
nation and were one of cornerstones of
the British Museum (1759). Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
, John Martyn Martyn, John (1699-1768).
British. Physician, professor of botany
at Cambridge.
, Philip MillerMiller, Philip (1691-1771).
British. Gardener of the Chelsea Physic
Garden. Corresponded with many
botanists. His rich herbarium was sold
to Joseph Banks. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
, Johann Jacob DilleniusDillenius, Johann Jacob
(1684-1747). German/British. Studied at
Giessen. Sherardian professor of botany
at Oxford. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, James SherardSherard, James (1666-1738).
British. Physician and botanist, brother
of William Sherard.
, Isaac du BoisDu Bois, Isaac (1715-1745).
British/American. Student of medicine at
Leyden in 1736, leaves for America in
1740.
, Isaac RandRand, Isaac (?-1743). British.
Botanist.
, Peter CollinsonCollinson, Peter (1694-1768).
British. Merchant and amateur naturalist
in London, corresponded with many
scientists. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, Mark CatesbyCatesby, Mark (1682-1749).
British. Naturalist and artist. Best
known for his illustrated work The
Natural history of Carolina, Florida and
the Bahama islands
(1736-1743).
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, PetraeusPetraeus, . , and other botanists. Linnaeus had praised Johannes BurmanBurman, Johannes (1707-1779).
Dutch. Botanist, professor of medicine
in Amsterdam. Close friend of Linnaeus.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
. The English do not know Burman and are very interested in his collections.

Dillenius is not angry with Burman; his manners are just unpolished. Dillenius has some plants from Ceylon but they are brought together according to genera and mixed with European plants.

Linnaeus lists a lot of plants that he has brought with him from England, for example, Hernandia, Sassafras, Cornutia, Barleria, Bocconia, Breynea, and Brunsfelsia.

Linnaeus is very busy describing George CliffordísClifford, George (1685-1760).
Dutch. Banker and merchant in Amsterdam,
Linnaeusís benefactor. Owner of
Hartecamp and its botanical garden
outside Haarlem. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
garden [Linnaeus refers to his work with Hortus CliffortianusLinnaeus, Carl Hortus
Cliffortianus, plantas exhibens quas in
hortis tam vivis quam siccis Hartecampi
in Hollandia coluit [...] Georgius
Clifford
(Amsterdam 1737). Soulsby
no. 328.
].

Johan Frederik GronoviusGronovius, Johan Frederik
(1690-1762). Dutch. Naturalist, senator
of Leiden. Linnaeusís benefactor and
friend. Published Flora Virginica
(1743, 1762) together with John Clayton.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
has given Linnaeus many specimina.

Linnaeus wonders whether Burman could send leaves and branches of the plant genera that he has in his possession. Linnaeus would like to quote Burman.

Clifford would like to receive Burmanís work on the plants of Ceylon [Linnaeus refers to Burmanís Thesaurus ZeylanicusBurman, Johannes Thesaurus
Zeylanicus, exhibens plantas in insula
Zeylana nascentes [...] Cura &
studio Joannis Burmanni
(Amsterdam
1737).
], so that Linnaeus can quote it. Linnaeus only wants this work because he needs it and in order to augment Burmanís fame.

Linnaeus hopes to see Burmanís work on Georg Eberhard Rumpf Rumpf, Georg Eberhard
(1628-1702). Dutch. Naturalist and
merchant in the service of the Dutch
East India Company. Governor of the
Dutch colony Ambon. He published two
works on the flora of the isle of Ambon.
, Herbarium Amboinense Rumpf, Georg Eberhard
Herbarium Amboinense, plurimas
conplectens arbores, fructices, herbas,
plantas terrestres & aquaticas, quae
in Amboina et adjacentibus reperiuntur
insulis [...] Omnia [...] Belgice
conscripsit G. E. Rumphius [...] Nunc
primum in lucem edidit, & in Latinum
sermonem vertit Joannes Burmannus [...]
qui varia adjecit synonyma, suasque
observationes
, I-VII (Amsterdam
1741-1755).
.

P.S. Linnaeus mentions some news from England. There is an augmented edition of Samuel DaleísDale, Samuel (1659-1739).
British. Apothecary and physician.
,PharmacologiaDale, Samuel Pharmacologia,
seu manuductio ad materiam medicam, in
qua medicamenta officinalia simplicia,
hoc est mineralia, vegetabilia, animalia
earumque partes in medicina officinis
usitata
(London 1693).
, published in London.

Martyn has published Joseph Pitton de TournefortísTournefort de, Joseph Pitton
(1656-1708). French. Botanist and
explorer, professor of botany at Paris.
Histoire des plantes qui naissent aux environs de Paris; it is in English, with notes [Linnaeus refers to Martynís translation of Tournefortís work, Tournefort's History of Plants growing about ParisTournefort de, Joseph Pitton &
John Martyn
Tournefort's History
of Plants growing about Paris, with
their use in physick, and a mechanical
account of the operation of medicines.
Translated [... ] with many additions,
and accommodated to the plants growing
in Great-Britain
(London, 1732).
].

Dillenius has almost finished William SherardísSherard, William (1659-1728).
British. British consul in Smyrna.
Collector of botanical specimens. Took
the initiative to the first chair in
botany at Oxford. The first professor
was Johan Jacob Dillenius. Owner of the
estate Eltham in Kent.
Pinax [Linnaeus refers to Dilleniusís work with publishing a continuation of Caspar BauhinísBauhin, Caspar (1560-1624).
Swiss. Botanist and physician, Basle.
Bauhinís Prodromus and Pinax
theatri botanici
(1620, 1623, 1671)
were important works in the field of
botanical nomenclature.
, Pinax theatri botaniciBauhin, Caspar Pinax theatri
botanici sive index in Theophrasti
Dioscoridis, Plinii et botanicorum qui a
seculo scripserunt opera plantarum
circiter sex milium ab ipsis exhibitarum
nomina cum earundem synonymiis &
differentiis methodice secundum genera
& species proponens
(1623) 2 ed.
(Basle 1671).
, the enlarged edition of Pinax theatri botaniciBauhin, Caspar Pinax theatri
botanici Caspari Bauhini [...] sive
index in Theophrasti, Dioscoridis,
Plinii et botanicorum qui a seculo
scripserunt opera; plantarum circiter
sex millium ab ipsis exhibitarum nomina
cum earundem synonymiis &
differentiis methodice secundum earum
& genera & species proponens.
Opus XL annorum hactenus non editum
summopere expetitum & ad auctores
intelligendos plurimum faciens

(Basle 1623).
; before him Sherard had initiated the project and worked with it for many years, but at the time of his death in 1728, it was still unfinished, and submitted to Dillenius who also left it uncompleted].

Martynís fourth Decas is being printed [Linnaeus refers to the fourth part of Historia plantarum rariorumMartyn, John Historia
plantarum rariorum centuriae primae
decas
, I-V (London 1728-[1737]).
, which was published in 1737].

Catesby has many plants in this fourth part.

Linnaeus is grateful to díOrville [presumably Jean díOrvilleOrville, Jean dí (1659-1751).
Dutch. Merchant. Father of
Jacques-Philippe and Pierre díOrville.
] for his letter of recommendation.

Linnaeus sends his greetings to Burmanís family, friends and colleagues.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (Centraal bureau voor genealogie, Den Haag, Burman inv nr 19). [1] [2] [3] [4]