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Link: • John Hope to Carl Linnaeus the Younger, 11 December 1782 n.s.
Dated 11 Decr 1782. Sent from Edinburgh (Great Britain) to ? (). Written in English.

Edinb[urgh] 11 Dec[embe]r 1782.


I had the pleasure of receiving your Letter of the 20 Oct[obe]r for wh[ich] I thank you much.

I am happy with the prospect of seeing you here. You will be received wth evry mark of kind attention.

You have inclosed seeds of a plant from the mountains of Persia sent to D[octo]r Pallas some years ago, for the Asa foetida. It certainly yeilds Asa foetida, yet it does not ressemble Kemfers figure. I have had a drawing of it made w[it]h a description. I am about sending to Sir Joseph Banks. In Scotland we certainly have no other species of the Bos than Taurus.

I have the honor of being with great regard Your most obed[ien]t Serv[an]t

John Hope.

Radix. The Root is Branching & Permanent.

Truncus. The Stem is generally from three to five feet high, and will grow to above one foot in diameter, covered with a thick scarous, dehiscent, brown Bark & branching into a Dense Spreading Top. Seldom above twelv feet high. The wood is extremely hard & heavy. The Interior wood varies in different plants from a pale brown to a dark red approaching to Black, but always covered with one or Two Inches thick of white wood.

Folia. The leaves arise from the young branches alternately, at one or two Inches distance. From four to ten Inches long, and doubly winged. The partial wings are near two Inches long, and from fifteen to Thirty pairs, having small umbilicated glands upon the superior part, placed between the Insertions of the wings and one larger placed below the first pair. Each wing has about fourty pairs of Liniar lobes Three tenths of an Inch long.

Aculei. At the base of each leaf there are two recurved prickles; in young plants they are strong; in the old plants they are often flexile and scarce visible. Nature thus partially guards the young of severall Mimosas & other prickly plants.

Flores. From the axilla the leaf arises one sometimes two dense Spikes, four or five Inches long. The flowers are small, white & sessile, with a small deciduous Squama under each flower.

Calyx. The Empaliment is one Tubulous leaf, divided at Top into five acule, patent parts.

Corolla. The petal is of the same form as the Calyx, but double its length and whiter.

Stamina. There are a great many capillary filaments, double the length of the Petal, adheering together at the base of the Germen. The Antherae are small and almost globular.

Pistillum. The Germen is ovale having a short pedicle & a filiform Style as long as the filaments, with a very small terminating Stigma.

Pericarpium. The Legumen is about two inches long lanceolated, brown, smooth & compressed, with an undulated thin margine.

Simen. The Pod contains six or eight orbiculated compressed, distant seeds, producing a nausious flavor when chewed.

Locus. It is one of the most common Trees to be met with in the uncultivated mountains of Rolas & Pallamow, & frequent in many other parts of this Country, & in various soils.

Tempus. The leaves & flowers appear in June. In the day the leaves are expanded. In the night they collapse, & after the process of the fructification is finished they fall off, and the Acula decay. The Pods remain frequently untill april next year.

[a][a] : [The last paragraph written by
I[?] Garden
Descriptio – Indian Pink root; nonne nov[us] Gen[us]?

Radix perennis, horizontalis, simplex, inaequalis, fibrillis plurimis, longioribus.

Caulis simplex, erectus, membranis quatuor e basi foliorum decurrentibus quadrangularis videatur, scaber, validus, annuus.

Folia ovato-lanceolata, acuminata, integerrima, nuda, glabra, venosa, sessilia, leviter decurrentia, opposita, patentia. Par inferius minimum, obverse cordatum.

Inflorescentia. Spicae secundae, terminales, squamis parvulis ex opposito hinc inde raris.

Calyx Perianthium (distinctissime) pentaphyllum; foliolis liniaribus, longioribus, subulatis, acutis, basibus crassiusculis persistentibus.

Corolla Monopetala, tubulosa decidua. Tubus calyce multo longior, inferne angustus, basi tamen ampliato, gibbo, superne ventricosus, quinqangulatus, fauce iterum coarctato. Limbus quinquepartitus, laciniis lanceolatis, acutis, revolutis.

Stamina Filamenta quinque, e fauce Tubi enata, corolla breviora, Antherae oblongae, sagittatae, conniventes.

Pistillum Germen superum, subrotundum. Stylus corolla longior, erectus, teres, villosus, infra medium orbiculatus! parte superiore decidua-inferiore coloratiore, calycem longa, persistente. Stigma simplex attenuatum.

Pericarpium. Capsula didyma, serotiformis, calyci insidens Singula subrotunda bivalvi, perpendiculariter dehiscente.

Semina Plurima, scabra, angulata, externe convexa, receptaculo erecto, capitato undique insidentia.

Obs. 1ma Calyx pentaphyllus, Flos superus, Stylus corolla longior, Stigma attenuatum, Structura pericarpii singularis, quominus ad Loniceram sit referenda vetant.

2da Calyx pentaphyllus, structura Limbi & Antherarum, Stylus articulatus. Habitus omnium plantae partium, a Spigelia hanc immane quantum separent.

3tia Instar omnium autem Stylus hujus plantae articulatus! Character essentialis, proprius distinctissimus, aeternus a D[eo] O[ptimo] M[aximo] impressus distinctum ab omnibus hactenus notis & omnino novum genus ostendit.

Hujus plantae Radix, Caulis, Folia & fructificatio, a Spigelia, Anthelmia ab omni parte discrepant, praesertim si Brownii Iconem comparas. Nam cum eo vix affinitatem obscuram habet. Mirum equidem videtur, ut tam diu haec genera simul aggregatur. In tomo 5to Amoenitatum Academicar[um] recte judicat de hocce genere Colliander & radicem unius annuam alterius perennem observat. Haec nota plus ad distinguenda genera naturalia confert quam primo facie apparet.

J. Garden


Not yet available


a. original holograph (LS, VII, 153-154v).


[The last paragraph written by I[?] Garden].